Amazon Kingfisher / Chloroceryle amazona

Amazon Kingfisher / Chloroceryle amazona

Amazon Kingfisher

SCI Name:  Chloroceryle amazona
Protonym:  Alcedo amazona IndexOrn. 1 p.257
Taxonomy:  Coraciiformes / Alcedinidae /
Taxonomy Code:  amakin1
Type Locality:  Cayenne.
Publish Year:  1790
IUCN Status:  


(Alcedinidae; Ϯ American Pygmy Kingfisher C. aenea) Gr. χλωρος khlōros  green; genus Ceryle Boie, 1828, kingfisher (see Megaceryle); "Chloroceryle Kaup (subgenus), Verh. naturhist. Ver. Grossherz. Hessen, Heft 2, 1848, p. 68. Type, by subsequent designation, Alcedo superciliosa Linné = Alcedo aenea Pallas. (Sharpe, Monogr. Alced., 1871, p. viii.)...  1 G. R. Gray's 1855 designation is invalid since he credits the genus to Reichenbach as of 1851." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 168). Due to competition from endemic families, the kingfishers Alcedinidae have undergone sparse speciation in the Americas, and the green and rufous American Pygmy Kingfisher is the smallest of only two genera and six species found there.
Synon. Amazonis.

(Psittacidae; Ϯ Southern Mealy Amazon A. farinosa) French name “Amazone” given to various tropical American parrots by de Buffon 1770-1783, because they came from the Amazonian rainforests. The Amazon was probably first seen in 1500 by the Spanish commander Vicente Yáñez Pinzón, but real exploration of the river came with the voyage of Francisco de Orellana in 1540-1541. His florid tales of female warriors, perhaps based on a misunderstood Tupí word amassona ‘boat destroyer’, gave the river its name; "VII.e Sous-genre. AMAZONE; Amazona.  Bec robuste, très-crochu, épais; à arête rubanée ou formant une dépression aplatie, étroite, qui suit la courbure du bec, les côtés renflés, les bords festonnés; la mandibule inférieure échancrée en avant; narines arrondies, très-ouvertes dans la cire et à rebord saillant; ailes s'étendant jusqu'au tiers de la queue; les tarses très-courts, réticulés, robustes.   26. AMAZONE MEUNIER; Amazona pulverulenta: Psittacus pulverulentus, Gm.; Levaill., Perroq., pl. 92.  ...  plumage vert pruineux et à teint glauque   ...   27. AMAZONE A FRANGES; Amazona Levaillantii: Psittacus Levaillantii, Lath.; Psittacus infuscatus, Shaw.   ...   28. AMAZONE DUFRESNE; Amazona Dufresniana: Psittacus Dufresnianus, Shaw (?); Levaill., pl. 91.   ...   29. AMAZONE A TÊTE JAUNE; Amazona icterocephala: Psittacus ocrocephalus Gm.; Buff., Enl., 312 et 313; Levaill., Perroq., pl. 98." (Lesson 1830); "Amazona Lesson, Traité d'Orn., livr. 3, 1830, p. 189. Type, by subsequent designation, C. farinosa = Psittacus farinosus Boddaert (Salvadori, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 20, 1891, p. 268)." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 216).
Synon. Androglossa, Chrysotis, Oenochrus.

Mod. L. Amazonus Amazonian, of Amazonia.
● ex “Amazonian Kingsfisher” of Latham 1782 (Chloroceryle).