American Flamingo / Phoenicopterus ruber

American Flamingo / Phoenicopterus ruber

American Flamingo

SCI Name:  Phoenicopterus ruber
Protonym:  Phoenicopterus ruber Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.139
Category:  Phoenicopteriformes / Phoenicopteridae /
Taxonomy Code:  grefla2
Type Locality:  'Africa, America, rarius in Europa.'' Restricted type locality. West Indies.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PHOENICOPTERUS
(Phoenicopteridae; Ϯ American Flamingo P. ruber) L. phoenicopterus  flamingo  < Gr. φοινικοπτερος phoinikopteros  flamingo  < φοινιξ phoinix, φοινικος phoinikos  crimson; -πτερος -pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing; despite its erratic appearance and breeding habits, the Greater Flamingo P. roseus was well known to the ancients, and served up as a delicacy at the tables of the wealthy; "72. PHOENICOPTERUS.  Rostrum denudatum, infracto-incurvatum.  Pedes palmati, tetradactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Phoenicopterus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, p. 139. Type, by monotypy, Phoenicopterus ruber Linnaeus." (Kahl in Peters 1979, I, ed. 2, 269). Linnaeus's Phoenicopterus comprised a single species. 
Var. Phönicopterus, Phenicopterus, Phaenicopterus.
Synon. Gervaisia, HarrisonavisPhoenicorodias.

phoenicopterus
Gr. φοινικοπτερος phoinikopteros  red-feathered  < φοινιξ phoinix, φοινικος phoinikos  crimson; -πτερος -pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing.
● ex “Purple-shouldered Pigeon” of Latham 1787 (Treron).

ruber
L. ruber, rubra  red, ruddy (see also rubra).
● ex “Troupiale rouge d’Antigue” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Red Oriole” of Latham 1782 (syn. Amblyramphus holosericeus).
● ex “Suiriri roxo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 188 (syn. Casiornis rufus).
● "77. SCOLOPAX.  ...  rubra.  1. S. rostro arcuato, pedibus rubris, corpore sanguineo, alarum apicibus nigris.  Porphyrio amboinensis s. Ardea rubra corallina. Seb. mus. I. p. 98. t. 62. f. 3.  Numenius ruber. Catesb. car. I. p. 84. t. 84.  Numenius indicus. Clus. exot. 366.  Guara. Marcgr. bras. 203. Will. orn. 239. Raj. av. 104. n. 6.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Eudocimus).
● ex Coracina militaris Latham 1801, and “Grand Cotinga” of Levaillant 1801 (syn. Haematoderus militaris).
● ex “Añumbi roxo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 220 (Phacellodomus).
● "60. TROCHILUS.  ...   ruber.  15. T. rectricibus lateralibus violaceis, corpore testaceo fusco submaculato.  Mellivora parva purpurea. Edw. av. 32. t. 32. f. 1.  Habitat Surinami.  Rectrices intermediæ testaceæ." (Linnaeus 1758) (Phaethornis).
● "72. PHOENICOPTERUS.  ...  ruber.  1. P. ruber, remigibus primoribus nigris.  Phœnicopterus. Bell. av. l. 8. c. 8. Gesn. av. . . Aldr. orn. 2. l. 20. c. 4. Will. orn. 360. t. 60. Raj. av. 117. Tetr. itin. 300. Worm. mus. 200. Grew. mus. 67. t. 5. Sloan. jam. 2. p. 321. Act. angl. 350. p. 523. Seb. mus. 1. p. 123. t. 67. f. 1. Catesb. car. 1. p. 73. t. 73. 74. Alb. av. 2. p. 71. t. 77.  Habitat in Africa, America, rarius in Europa.  Dat mihi penna rubens nomen, sed lingua gulosis: Apicio, Caligulæ, Vitellio, Heliogabalo expetita suis, testantibus Plinio, Martiali, Svetonio, Lampridio." (Linnaeus 1758) (Phoenicopterus).
● ex “Red-breasted Woodpecker” of Latham 1783 (Sphyrapicus).
● ex “Pie à Culotte de Peau” of Levaillant 1800, pl. 55 (artefact).