Andean Hillstar / Oreotrochilus estella

Andean Hillstar / Oreotrochilus estella

Andean Hillstar

SCI Name:  Oreotrochilus estella
Protonym:  Trochilus Estella Mag.Zool. 8 cl.2 p.32
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  andhil3
Type Locality:  La Paz and Potosf, Bolivia.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1838
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

OREOTROCHILUS
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Andean Hillstar O. estella) Gr. ορος oros, ορεος oreos  mountain (i.e. Bolivian Andes) ; genus Trochilus Linnaeus, 1758, hummingbird; "Genus OREOTROCHILUS, n. g.  Rostrum capite longius, subcylindricum, apulo incurvum.  Alæ subgrandes valentes.  Cauda magna, rotundata, rectricibus attenuatis, submucronatis, rigidis.  Pedes fortes.  Digitus et unguis postici digito et ungui mediis longitudine æquales.  Tarsi plumis vestiti.  Gula luminosa infra torquata.   ...  I propose this term as a generic appellation for a section of the Trochilidæ, which has hitherto only been found immediately beneath the line of perpetual congelation, where they feed upon the insects which resort to the newly expanded flowers.  The type is  Sp. 1. OREOTROCHILUS ESTELLA.  Orthorhynchus Estella, D'Orb. Voy. Am. Birds, pl. 6. fig.1.  ...  O. Ceciliæ, Less. Rev. Zool. 1839, p. 43.    Sp. 2. OREOTROCHILUS LEUCOPLEURUS, sp. nov.   ...   Sp. 3. OREOTROCHILUS CHIMBORAZO.  T. Chimborazo, Bourc. in Rev. Zool. Sept. 1846, p. 305.    Sp. 4. OREOTROCHILUS ADELA.  Orthorhynchus Adela, D'Orb. Voy. Am. Birds, pl. 61. fig. 2   ...   Sp. 5. OREOTROCHILUS MELANOGASTER, sp. nov." (Gould 1847).
Var. Orotrochilus ("OROTROCHILUS  ...  Da Oreotrochilus als sechssylbiges Wort nicht anwendbar, verkürzen wir dasselbe Analogie von οροσπιζης u. a. in Orotrochilus." (Cabanis & Heine 1860)), Oriotrochilus.   
Synon. Alcidius, Gnaphocercus.

estella
Estelle-Marie Dessalines d’Orbigny (1800-1893) elder sister of French zoologist Alcide Dessalines d’Orbigny (Oreotrochilus).

SUBSPECIES

Andean Hillstar (estella)
SCI Name: Oreotrochilus estella estella
estella
Estelle-Marie Dessalines d’Orbigny (1800-1893) elder sister of French zoologist Alcide Dessalines d’Orbigny (Oreotrochilus).

Andean Hillstar (bolivianus)
SCI Name: Oreotrochilus estella bolivianus
boliviae / boliviana / bolivianum / bolivianus / boliviensis
Bolivia (named after Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) "The Liberator", Venezuelan revolutionary, who helped to expel the Spaniards from their South American empire).