Asian Emerald Dove / Chalcophaps indica

Asian Emerald Dove / Chalcophaps indica

Asian Emerald Dove

SCI Name:  Chalcophaps indica
Protonym:  Columba indica Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.164
Category:  Columbiformes / Columbidae /
Taxonomy Code:  emedov2
Type Locality:  East Indies.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHALCOPHAPS
(Columbidae; Ϯ Brown-capped Emerald Dove C. longirostris) Gr. χαλκος khalkos  bronze; φαψ phaps, φαβος phabos  pigeon; "CHALCOPHAPS CHRYSOCHLORA. Little Green Pigeon.  ... centre of the back, wing-coverts and outer webs of the tertiaries shining greenish copper-colour" (Gould 1843); "Chalcophaps Gould, Bds. Austr., pt. 13, 1843, pl. [8] (= 5, pl. 62 of bound vol.) Type, by monotypy, Columba chrysochlora Wagler." (Peters 1937, III, 114); "190. Chalcophaps longirostris  ...  Race rogersi previously listed as "chrysochlora", but this name apparently based on several different forms of Chalcophaps and lectotypification excludes its application to Australasian populations." (del Hoyo and Collar (eds.), 2014, HBW Illustrated Checklist, 1, Non-passerines, p. 188).
Synon. Monornis, Peristera.

indica
L. Indicus  Indian  < India  India.
● "92. COLUMBA.  ...  indica.  18. C. corpore purpureo, humeris viridibus, superciliis albis.  Columba alis viridibus. Edw. av. 14. t. 14.  Habitat in India orientali.  Pileus cærulescens. Remiges primores nigræ. Rectrices nigræ, sed laterales cinereæ. Flexura alarum nigra albo punctata." (Linnaeus 1758) (Chalcophaps).
● East Indies; ex “Bergeronnette grise des Indes” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Indian Wagtail” of Latham 1783 (Dendronanthus).
● Erroneous TL. Amboina (= Sangihe); ex “Indian Lori” of Latham 1781 (syn. Eos histrio).
● Erroneous TL. India (= Ethiopia); ex “Blue Promerops” of Latham 1787 (?syn. Phoeniculus somaliensis).
● East Indies; ex “Merula olivacea indica” of Brisson 1760, “Merle olive des grands Indes” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 564, fig. 1, and “Indian Thrush” of Latham 1783 (unident.).

SUBSPECIES

Asian Emerald Dove (indica)
SCI Name: Chalcophaps indica indica
indica
L. Indicus  Indian  < India  India.
● "92. COLUMBA.  ...  indica.  18. C. corpore purpureo, humeris viridibus, superciliis albis.  Columba alis viridibus. Edw. av. 14. t. 14.  Habitat in India orientali.  Pileus cærulescens. Remiges primores nigræ. Rectrices nigræ, sed laterales cinereæ. Flexura alarum nigra albo punctata." (Linnaeus 1758) (Chalcophaps).
● East Indies; ex “Bergeronnette grise des Indes” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Indian Wagtail” of Latham 1783 (Dendronanthus).
● Erroneous TL. Amboina (= Sangihe); ex “Indian Lori” of Latham 1781 (syn. Eos histrio).
● Erroneous TL. India (= Ethiopia); ex “Blue Promerops” of Latham 1787 (?syn. Phoeniculus somaliensis).
● East Indies; ex “Merula olivacea indica” of Brisson 1760, “Merle olive des grands Indes” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 564, fig. 1, and “Indian Thrush” of Latham 1783 (unident.).

Asian Emerald Dove (robinsoni)
SCI Name: Chalcophaps indica robinsoni
robinson / robinsoni / robinsonii
● Herbert Christopher Robinson (1874-1929) British ornithologist, systematist, collector in Australia 1896, and Malaysia 1908-1926 (syn. Aerodramus maximus, syn. Alectura lathami, subsp. Alophoixus pallidus, subsp. Chalcophaps indica, subsp. Cissa chinensis, subsp. Enicurus maculatus, subsp. Gecinulus grantia, subsp. Heterophasia desgodinsi, subsp. Macropygia amboinensis, syn. Megalaima australis duvaucelii, syn. Myiagra cyanoleuca, Myophonus, subsp. Oriolus traillii, subsp. Picus guerini, subsp. Pteruthius aeralatus, syn. Pycnonotus blanfordi conradi, syn. Rallina tricolor, syn. Rhipidura albicollis atrata, subsp. Strepera graculina, subsp. Treron sphenurus).
● Col. Wirt Robinson (1864-1929) US Army, who taught chemistry at West Point 1906-1928, ornithologist, collector (syn. Butorides striata, syn. Cardinalis phoeniceus, syn. Zenaida auriculata stenura).
● Dr Anthony Robinson (d. 1768) English surgeon, botanist, resident in Jamaica (syn. Pyrrhulagra violacea ruficollis).
● Robinson Crusoe, literary character who was shipwrecked but survived on a desert island, created by Daniel Defoe 1719; the character was heavily influenced by the adventures of the privateer Alexander Selkirk (1676-1721) who survived several years on the uninhabited island of Juan Fernandez (syn. Sephanoides fernandensis).

Asian Emerald Dove (natalis)
SCI Name: Chalcophaps indica natalis
natalis
L. natalis  birthday  < natus  born, son  < nasci  to be born.
● Christmas I., Indian Ocean (so-named by Capt. William Mynors, of the East India Co., when he sailed past on Christmas Day 1643) (subsp. Accipiter fasciatus, subsp. Chalcophaps indica, subsp. Collocalia esculenta, Ninox, Zosterops).

Asian Emerald Dove (minima)
SCI Name: Chalcophaps indica minima
minima / minimum / minimus
L. minimus  smallest, least  < super. parvus  small.
● ex “Cabaret” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 485, fig. 2 (syn. Acanthis cabaret).
● ex “Petit Sénégali rouge” of Vieillot 1805 (syn. Lagonosticta senegala).
● ex “Petite Becassine” of Brisson 1760 (Lymnocryptes).
● "60. TROCHILUS.  ...  minimus. 18.  T. rectricibus lateralibus margine exteriore albis, corpore fusco nitente, subtus albido.  Avis mellivora minima. Edw. av. 105. t. 105. s. infimaHabitat in America.  Avis minima inter omnes notas." (Linnaeus 1758) (Mellisuga).
● ex “Long-legged Warbler” of Latham 1783 (syn. Xenicus longipes).

Asian Emerald Dove (augusta)
SCI Name: Chalcophaps indica augusta
augusta
● Port Augusta, South Australia (syn. Acanthiza uropygialis, syn. Barnardius zonarius).
● Augusta Amélie Maximilienne Jacqueline Principesa Gabrielli (1836-1900) daughter of French ornithologist Prince Charles Bonaparte (subsp. Chalcophaps indica).