Black-capped Parakeet / Pyrrhura rupicola

Black-capped Parakeet / Pyrrhura rupicola

Black-capped Parakeet

SCI Name:  Pyrrhura rupicola
Protonym:  Conurus rupicola Arch.Naturgesch. 10 p.304
Category:  Psittaciformes / Psittacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  blcpar1
Type Locality:  Peru.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1844
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PYRRHURA
(Psittacidae; Ϯ Maroon-bellied Parakeet P. frontalis) Gr. πυρρος purrhos  red  < πυρ pur, πυρος puros  fire; ουρα oura  tail (cf. specific name Microsittace pyrrhura Bonaparte, 1854 (= syn. Pyrrhura molinae)); "Subfam. 2. Conurinae.  ...   14. Pyrrhura, Bp.   34. vittata, Shaw. (undulata, Ill.  fasciata? Spix.)   35. devillii, Mass.   36. molinae, Mass. (phonicura, Licht.  pyrrhura, Reich.)   37. beryllina, Souanc.   38. melanura, Spix.   39. leucotis, Kuhl.   40. calliptera, Mass.   41. versicolor, Gm. (cyanoptera, Boddanaca, Wagl.)  ?squamata, Lath.   42. luciani, Deville.   43. cruentata, Wied. (squamosus? Kuhl, nec Aucterythrogaster, Shawcyanogularis, Spix.)   44. rupicola, Tschudi.   45. chiripepe, Vieill. ex Azara.   46. chlorogenys, Wagl. (perlatus, faem. Spix.)   47. lepida, Wagl (perlatus, mas. Spix.)" (Bonaparte 1856); "Pyrrhura Bonaparte, Naumannia, 6, 1856, Consp. Psitt. in Beilage no. 1, genus 14. Type, by subsequent designation, Psittacus vittatus Shaw (not of Boddaert) = Psittacus frontalis Vieillot." (Peters 1937, III, 194). Many parrots in this group have maroon or red tails.

pyrrhura
Gr. πυρρος purrhos  flame-coloured, red  < πυρ pur, πυρος puros  fire; -ουρος -ouros -tailed  < ουρα oura  tail.

RUPICOLA
(Cotingidae; Ϯ Guianan Cock-of-the-Rock R. rupicola) Mod. L. rupicola  cliff-dweller  < L. rupes, rupis  rock  < rumpere  to shatter; -cola  dweller  < colere  to inhabit. The Guianan Cock-of-the-rock was named “Coq-de-roche” because of its flat-sided, galliform crest and habit of nesting in caves; "Genus Rupicolæ. (1).  ... (1) Nomen a me illi inditum ob habitationem in rupibus.  ... Les François de la Guiane l'appellent COC DES ROCHES" (Brisson 1760): based on "Gallus ferus, saxatilis, croceus, cristam e plumis constructam gerens" of Barrère 1741, "Upupa Americana, crocea, saxatilis" of Barrère 1745, and "Upupa crocea" of Linnaeus 1748; "Rupicola Brisson, 1760, Ornithologie, 4, p. 437. Type, by monotypy, "Rupicola" = Pipra rupicola Linnaeus." (Snow in Peters 1979, VIII, 306). 
Synon. Orinus.
● (syn. Columba Ϯ Rock Dove C. livia) "I rod'.  Columba L.   A) Rupicola.  1. Columba livia Briss. (C. neglecta Sewerzow).  ...  2. Columba rupestris Pall.    B) Sylvicola.  3. Columba fusca Pall. (C. Eversmanni Bp. = C. fusca, β brachyura Sew.).  4. Columba œnas Briss." (Bogdanov 1881) (OD per Laurent Raty); "Rupicola BOGDANOW, Trudy S.-Peterb. obshch. estest. (Zool.), vol. 12, 1881, p. 99.  Type, Columba livia "BRISSON"  (Present designation.)" (Richmond 1917).

rupicola
Mod. L. rupicolus  cliff-dwelling  < L. rupes, rupis  rock  < rumpere  to shatter; -cola  dweller  < colere  to inhabit.
● ex “Rocar” of Levaillant 1802, pl. 101 < French roc or rocher rock (syn. Monticola rupestris).
● ex “Traquet Montagnard” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 184, fig. 2 < French montagnard mountain-dweller (syn. Oenanthe monticola).
● ex “Gallus ferus saxatilis” of Barrère 1741, “Rupicola” of Brisson 1760, and “Hoopoe Hen” of Edwards 1764 (Rupicola).

SUBSPECIES

Black-capped Parakeet (rupicola)
SCI Name: Pyrrhura rupicola rupicola
RUPICOLA
(Cotingidae; Ϯ Guianan Cock-of-the-Rock R. rupicola) Mod. L. rupicola  cliff-dweller  < L. rupes, rupis  rock  < rumpere  to shatter; -cola  dweller  < colere  to inhabit. The Guianan Cock-of-the-rock was named “Coq-de-roche” because of its flat-sided, galliform crest and habit of nesting in caves; "Genus Rupicolæ. (1).  ... (1) Nomen a me illi inditum ob habitationem in rupibus.  ... Les François de la Guiane l'appellent COC DES ROCHES" (Brisson 1760): based on "Gallus ferus, saxatilis, croceus, cristam e plumis constructam gerens" of Barrère 1741, "Upupa Americana, crocea, saxatilis" of Barrère 1745, and "Upupa crocea" of Linnaeus 1748; "Rupicola Brisson, 1760, Ornithologie, 4, p. 437. Type, by monotypy, "Rupicola" = Pipra rupicola Linnaeus." (Snow in Peters 1979, VIII, 306). 
Synon. Orinus.
● (syn. Columba Ϯ Rock Dove C. livia) "I rod'.  Columba L.   A) Rupicola.  1. Columba livia Briss. (C. neglecta Sewerzow).  ...  2. Columba rupestris Pall.    B) Sylvicola.  3. Columba fusca Pall. (C. Eversmanni Bp. = C. fusca, β brachyura Sew.).  4. Columba œnas Briss." (Bogdanov 1881) (OD per Laurent Raty); "Rupicola BOGDANOW, Trudy S.-Peterb. obshch. estest. (Zool.), vol. 12, 1881, p. 99.  Type, Columba livia "BRISSON"  (Present designation.)" (Richmond 1917).

Black-capped Parakeet (sandiae)
SCI Name: Pyrrhura rupicola sandiae
sandiae
Sándia Province, Puno, south-eastern Peru.