Blond-crested Woodpecker / Celeus flavescens

Blond-crested Woodpecker / Celeus flavescens

Blond-crested Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Celeus flavescens
Protonym:  Picus flavescens Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.427
Category:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  blcwoo4
Type Locality:  Brazil; restricted to Rio de Janeiro by Cory, antea, p. 448.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1788
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CELEUS
(Picidae; Ϯ Blond-crested Woodpecker C. flavescens) Gr. κελεος keleos  green woodpecker (cf. Gr. myth. Celeus, king of Eleusis, proverbial for his rustic dress and love of agricultural pursuits); "Celeus für die americanischen P. flavescens, P. exalbidus, P. ochraceus Spix, P. cinnamomeus Lath., P. brunneus Licht., P. tinunculus Wagl., badioides Less. centu. p. 14, denen vielleicht asiatische beyzugesellen.  Ein Mitkennzeichen für die Gattung gibt die Holle der meisten Arten, die aus mit ordentlichen Schäften und Fahnen versehenen Federn gebildet ist, ab. Viele andere Arten müssen einstweilig unter dem Namen Picus vereinigt bleiben" (Boie 1831); "Celeus Boie, Isis von Oken, 1831, col. 542. Type, by subsequent designation, C. flavescens (Gm.) = Picus flavescens Gmelin. (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 55.)" (Peters, 1948, VI, p. 122).
Synon. Celeopicos, Cerchneipicus, Cerchneopipo, Crocomorphus, Malacolophus, Xanthopicus.
● See: Cela

Cela
Gr. κελης kelēs, κελητος kelētos  courser, race-horse  < κελλω kellō  to drive on.
• (Casuariidae; syn. Casuarius Double-wattled Cassowary C. casuarius) "56. KASUARIS, in 't Lat. Cela   Casuarius. by LINNÆUS. gesl. 63.  Emeu. by CLUSIUS. Exot. L. v. c. 3.  Casuel. by PERR. Mem. des Anim. 184.  ... † Deeze vogel gelykt meer naar een Kasuaris dan naar een Struis. Hy heeft, zegt RAY, aan den voet vier vingeren, drie van vooren en éénen van agteren, die dik en rond is" (Moehring 1758); "b. Ohne Hinterzehe, Wadfüße, Schn. mäßig.  2. Gattung. Cela, Eme, Kasuar, Kasuel  ...  1. Art. Gem. Eme, Struthio Casuarius, Cela  ...  2. Art. Neu-Holländischer Eme" (Oken 1816); "Cela Oken, 1816, Lehrbuch Naturgesch., III, Zool. (2), p. 646.  Alternative name for Casuarius Brisson, 1760." (JAJ 2021).
• (Otididae; syn. Chlamydotis † Houbara Bustard C. undulata) "XIII. Tribu. ——  OISEAUX SENSIERS.  OUTARDES.   ...   3. O. nasier.  Otis.    4. O. oreillier.  Cela." (Oken, 1821, Esquisse du système d'anatomie, de physiologie et d'histoire naturelle, p. 60 (nom. nud.).  For the purposes of The Key only, the implied type is here fixed by subsequent designation, "O. oreillier" of Oken = Psophia undulata von Jacquin, 1784." (JAJ 2021).
• ‡ (Emeidae; syn. Euryapteryx Broad-billed Moa E. curtus) "Genera et Species typicae   ...   1. x Cela (MÖHRING)  curta (Dinornis curtus Owen Zool. Transact. III. 327. pl. 47 et 48.) R." (Reichenbach 1853); "Cela Reichenbach, 1853 (not of Moehring, 1758, nor of Oken, 1816, nor of Illiger, 1826 (nom. dub.)), Avium Systema Naturale, p. XXX.  Type, by original designation, Dinornis curtus Owen, 1846." (JAJ 2020) (see Emeus).
Var. Celeus.

flavescens
L. flavescens, flavescentis  golden-yellowish  < flavescere  to become golden  < flavere  to be golden-yellow  < flavus  yellow, golden.
● ex “Yellow-crested Woodpecker” of Brown 1776, and Latham 1782 (Celeus).
● ex “Figuier du Sénégal” and “Figuier à ventre jaune du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 582, figs.1, 3, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Citron-bellied Warbler” of Latham 1783 (?syn. Eremomela pusilla).

SUBSPECIES

Blond-crested Woodpecker (intercedens)
SCI Name: Celeus flavescens intercedens
intercedens
L. intercedens, intercedentis  interposed, coming between  < intercedere  to come between.
● Not only does the Growling Riflebird occupy eastern New Guinea, between the ranges of the two subspp. of the Magnificent Riflebird L. magnifica, but the female resembles the female of the nominate subsp. and the male resembles the male of the other (Lophorina).

Blond-crested Woodpecker (flavescens)
SCI Name: Celeus flavescens flavescens
flavescens
L. flavescens, flavescentis  golden-yellowish  < flavescere  to become golden  < flavere  to be golden-yellow  < flavus  yellow, golden.
● ex “Yellow-crested Woodpecker” of Brown 1776, and Latham 1782 (Celeus).
● ex “Figuier du Sénégal” and “Figuier à ventre jaune du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 582, figs.1, 3, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Citron-bellied Warbler” of Latham 1783 (?syn. Eremomela pusilla).