Blue-billed Curassow / Crax alberti

Blue-billed Curassow / Crax alberti

Blue-billed Curassow

SCI Name:  Crax alberti
Protonym:  Crax Alberti Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1850) (1850), Pt18 no.216 p.246 pl.27
Taxonomy:  Galliformes / Cracidae /
Taxonomy Code:  bubcur1
Type Locality:  Based on a cage bird of unknown origin.
Publish Year:  1852
IUCN Status:  


(Cracidae; Ϯ Great Curassow C. rubra) Gr. κρα kra  humorous abbreviation for κρανος kranos  helmet (cf. κρας kras  head; ουραξ ourax  unidentified gamebird, perhaps a grouse).  The name was first introduced by Linnaeus 1744, based on "Cocq Indien" of Dodart 1671-1676, and "Gallus Indicus", "Quirizao" or "Curasso" of Sloane 1725: "It was brought from the Island QuirizaoCurassao or Curasso, belonging to the Dutch, to Jamaica." "Gallus indicus Sloan. Hist. nat. Jam.  Crax Linn. Syst. nat.  Hocco des Amazones*  ... *Crax, Avis Græce sic dicta a clarissimo Linnæo, a galea seu corolla pennacea revoluta" (Barrère 1745) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "89. CRAX.  Rostrum basi cera obtectum.  Pennæ caput tegentes revolutæ." (Linnaeus 1758): based on "Gallus curassavicus" of Aldrovandus 1599-1603, "Mitu" of Marcgrave 1648, Willughby 1676, and Ray 1713, and "Gallus Indicus" of Sloane 1725; "Crax Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 157. Type, by subsequent designation, Crax rubra Linné. (Ridgway, Man. No. Am. Bds., ed. 2, 1896, p. 207.)...  1 Crax alector Linné, 1766, is usually given as the type of the genus, but was not one of the originally included species, hence is unavailable in this connection." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 10).  Linnaeus's Crax comprised two species (C. nigra, C. rubra).
Var. Craxa, Urax.
Synon. Alector, Crossolaryngus, Mituporanga, Sphaerolaryngus.

● Capt. Samuel Albert White (1870-1954) Australian Army, explorer, collector, ornithologist (Laurent Raty in litt.) (subsp. Acanthiza lineata). 
● Revd. Fr. Albert Nagnzaun (1777-1856) Benedictine Abbot of St. Peter's Monastery, Salzburg 1818-1856, theologian, naturalist (Jan van der Brugge in litt.) (syn. Anas platyrhynchos).
● Albert Stewart Meek (1871-1943) English explorer, collector in New Guinea, the Solomons and Australia (subsp. Eudynamys orientalis, subsp. Lewinia pectoralis, syn. Pachycephala simplex sudestensis, subsp. Todiramphus chloris, syn. Zosterops rendovae).
● Franz August Karl Albrecht Emanuel Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Saxony (1819-1861), commonly known as Prince Albert, Consort to Queen Victoria (Crax, subsp. Lophorina magnificaMenura).
● Albert I Leopold Clemens Maria Meinrad King of the Belgians (1875-1934; reigned 1909-1934) (Prionops).
● Friedrich August Albrecht Anton Ferdinand King of Saxony (1828-1902; reigned 1873-1902) (Pteridophora).