Blue-capped Fruit-Dove / Ptilinopus monacha

Blue-capped Fruit-Dove / Ptilinopus monacha

Blue-capped Fruit-Dove

SCI Name:  Ptilinopus monacha
Protonym:  Columba monacha Pl.Col. livr.43 pl.253
Taxonomy:  Columbiformes / Columbidae /
Taxonomy Code:  bcfdov2
Type Locality:  Celebes, error = Halmahera.
Publish Year:  1824
IUCN Status:  


(Columbidae; Ϯ Rose-crowned Fruit Dove P. regina) Gr. πτιλον ptilon  feather; πους pous, ποδος podos  foot; "Genus. PTILINOPUS. Mihi.  Generic Character.  Alæ mediocres, remigum pinna prima apicem versus contracta, tertia quartaque longissimis.  Rostrum gracile.  Tarsi plumosi.  ...  PTILINOPUS purpuratus. (Var. Regina.)  ...  Tarsi covered with soft and thick-set feathers down to the divisions of the claws; the soles are broad and flat." (Swainson 1825); "Ptilinopus Swainson, Zool. Journ., 1, 1825, p. 473. Type, by monotypy, Ptilinopus purpuratus var. regina Swainson." (Peters 1937, III, 28).
Var. Ptilonapus, Ptilonopus, Ptilopus, Ptinilopus
Synon. Chlorotreron, Curotreron, Cyanotreron, Eutreron, Haemataena, Jambotreron, Jotreron, Kranocera, Kurukuru, Kurutreron, Lamprotreron, Laryngogramma, Leucotreron, Mezotreron, Neoleucotreron, Oedirhinus, Omeotreron, Poecilotreron, Ptilopodiscus, Reginopus, Spilotreron, Sylphidaena, Sylphitreron, Terenotreron, Thoracotreron, Thouarsitreron, Thyliphaps, Xenotreron.

Late. L. monacha  nun (i.e. hooded)  < Gr. μοναχη monakhē  nun  < μονος monos  solitary  < μοναχοω monakhoō  to make single.
● ex “Moloxita” or “Réligieuse d’Abissinie” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Nun Thrush” of Latham 1783 (Oriolus).

(Bucconidae; Ϯ Black Nunbird M. atra) Gr. μονας monas, μοναδος monados  female hermit, nun  < μονος monos  solitary  < μοναχοω monakhoō  to make single; "35. MONASE, Monasa.  Cuculus, Gm.  Bucco, Lath.  Bec garni de soies à la base, plus long que la tête, comprimé par les côtés, entier; mandibules courbées en en base.  Esp. Coucou noir de Cayenne, Buff.   ...   Monasa [μονασης, qui solus vivit]." (Vieillot 1816); "Monasa Vieillot, Analyse, 1816, p. 27. Type, by monotypy, Coucou noir de Cayenne of Buffon = Cuculus ater Boddaert." (Peters 1948, VI, 21).
Var. Monassa, Monasta, Monacha, Monesa, Monaca.
Synon. Barbacou, Barbaculus, Monadon, Monastes, Scotocharis.

(Monarchidae; Ϯ Black-faced Monarch M. melanopsis) L. monarcha  monarch  < Gr. μοναρχος monarkhos  monarch, sovereign, dictator (see Tyrannus); "Genus. MONARCHA.   Rostrum forte, subelongatum, basi latum, subdepressum; culmine carinato, apice arcuato; mandibula superiore emarginata; naribus basalibus, rotundis, setis plumulisque opertis; rictu vibrissis fortibus instructo.  Alæ mediocres, subrotundatæ; remige prima brevi, secunda duplo longiore, tertia et quinta æqualibus, quarta quæ est longissima, paulo breviori; cæteris gradatim breviscentibus: tertiæ ad sextam inclusam pogoniis externis paulatim in medio latioribus.  Cauda mediocris, æqualis.  Pedes mediocres, acrotarsiis scutellatis, paratarsiis integris.   The powerful construction of the bill of this group separates it at once from the other species of the Muscicapidæ, with which in the depression and breadth at the base of that member, the strength of the rictal bristles, and the general characters of the wings and legs, it otherwise accords. This strength of bill would incline us to place the bird among the Laniadæ, and in the subfamily of Tyrannina, Swains., of which it might thus be considered to form the Australian representative, did not the other characters of its structure evince a more predominant inclination to the Muscicapidæ than to the Tyranni. The group may, however, be considered to stand intermediately between the two families; and might perhaps be referred with equal propriety to either, according to the characters which each naturalist would select as most predominant, and most convenient to guide him in his subdivisions. The habits of the birds of this group, hitherto unknown, will have much influence in determining its exact station.    1. CARINATA.  ...  Muscipeta carinata.  Swains. Zool. Illust. pl. 147." (Vigors & Horsfield 1827); "Monarcha Vigors and Horsfield, 1827, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15, p. 254. Type, by monotypy, Muscipeta carinata Swainson, 1823 = Muscicapa melanopsis Vieillot, 1818." (Mayr in Peters 1986, XI, 500).
Var. Monacha, Monarches (Gr. μοναρχης monarkhēs monarch).
Synon. Bathmisyrma, Monarcharses, Neopomarea.