Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot / Loriculus galgulus

Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot / Loriculus galgulus

Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot

SCI Name:  Loriculus galgulus
Protonym:  Psittacus Galgulus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.103
Taxonomy:  Psittaciformes / Psittaculidae /
Taxonomy Code:  bchpar1
Type Locality:  India, i.e. Malacca.
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  


(Psittacidae; Ϯ Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot L. galgulus) Dim. < genus Lorius auct. (= Larius Boddaert, 1783 = Eclectus Wagler, 1832), parrot (cf. dim. < genus Lorius Vigors, 1825, lory; dim. L. lorica  breastplate; "uropygio pectoreque coccineis" (Linnaeus 1758)); "No. 1820. LORICULUS ASIATICUS; Psittacus asiaticus, Latham, and Ps. indicus, Gmelin,—both founded on Edwards, pl. 6, which is a good representation. The names, however, are bad, as the race would seem to be wholly confined to Ceylon: while L. vernalis inhabits all India, and the countries bordering the eastern shores of the Bay of Bengal, as far as the Tenasserim provinces where it abounds, and also Java; whereas in the Malayan peninsula there appears only to be L. galgulus.  L. asiaticus differs from L. vernalis in having the crown deep red, passing to a saffron hue on the nape, and in some specimens over much of the back; while the fore-part of the neck is tinged more or less deeply with verditer.  The nearest affinity of these Loricules is with the genus Eclectus; and there are other species in the Philippines and probably the south of China." (Blyth 1849); "Genus. LORICULUS, Blyth.   12. L. GALGULUS (Edwards, pl. 293, f. 2).  ...  Serindak, Sindada, Malacca; Serindit, Sumatra (Raffles)   ...   13. L. VERNALIS (Swainson's Zool. Ill., 2d series, pl. I).  ...  Latkan ('pendent'), Hind., Bengal; Bhorá or Bhoárá, S. India (Jerdon); Kyai-tha-da, Arakan (Phayre); Silindit, and Silinditum, Java (Horsfield)  ...  14. L. ASIATICUS (Edwards, pl. 6)  ...  Pol-Girawa, Cingh." (Blyth 1850); "Loriculus Blyth, Journ. As. Soc. Bengal, 19, 1850, p. 236. Type, by monotypy, Psittacus galgulus Linné." (Peters 1937, III, 256); "LORICULUS Blyth, 1849  M— Psittacus galgulus Linnaeus, 1758; type by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 88)." (Dickinson & Remsen (eds.) 2013, 384).
Synon. Coryllis, Licmetulus, Psittaculus.

L. galgulus  small bird that slept hanging suspended by its feet.
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  Galgulus.  36. Psittacus brachyurus viridis, uropygio pectoreque coccineis, vertice cæruleo. Amœn. acad. 4. p. . Osb. iter 101.  Psittacus minimus viridis ruber indicus. Edw. av. 6. t. 6.  Avicula cechini. Aldr. orn. l. 20. p. 560.  Habitat in India.  Pede altero suspensus dormit. Plin. X, 33: Galgulos ipsos dependentes pedibus somnun capere confirmat, quia tutiores ita se sperent." (Linnaeus 1758) (Loriculus).

L. galgulus  unknown bird that slept hanging suspended by its feet, mentioned by Pliny (probably confused with galbula  a bird which built a pendulous nest).
• (Coraciidae; syn. Coracias  European Roller C. garrulus) "Genus Galguli.(1)  Le genre du Rollier.(1)   ...   (1) Galgulus, nomen vacuum a me hic generi impositum.   (1) Rollier est formé du mot Roller, qui est le nom qu'on donné à cet Oiseau aux environs de Strasbourg.   ...   1. LE ROLLIER   ...   GALGULUS" (Brisson 1760); ex "Garrulus," "Roller," and "Galgen-Regel" of Gessner 1555, and numerous other references.
• (Pycnonotidae; syn. Hypsipetes  Brown-eared Bulbul H. amaurotis) "Taf. XII. Zwei Arten einer neuen Gattung: Galgulus.   ...   Gehört in die Nachbarschaft von Oriolus.  Fig. 1 Galgulus amaurotis und Fig. 2. G. philippinensis mihi" (von Kittlitz 1832); "Galgulus Kittlitz, 1832, Kupfert. Nat. Vögel, Heft 1, p. 7.  Type, by original designation, Turdus amaurotis Temminck.  Not Galgulus Wagler, 1827, Galgulus Schaeffer, 1789, nor Galgulus Brisson, 1760." (Deignan in Peters, 1960, IX, p. 282).
• (Picathartidae; syn. Picathartes  White-necked Picathartes P. gymnocephalus) "Moneam cl. Temminckii Corvum Gymnocephalum, in ejus operis splendidi tabula 327 spectandum nec Picis nec Corvis annumerandum esse, primo intuitu vero sane Picae formam exhibere.  Nares in maxillae fere medio sitae ptiloseosque densae structura sericea Cryptorhinarum, aut potius Philedonis corniculati; rostri forma ipsa nec non breve, ac obtusae alae genus distinctum, Graculae genere subaffine, postulant.  ...  Constituo ex hac ave genus Galgulum.  Nomen ejus germanicum sit Seidenelster." (Wagler 1827); "Galgulus Wagler, 1827, Systema Avium, p. 336.  Type, by monotypy, Corvus gymnocephalus Temminck, 1825." (JAJ 2021).   
Var. Galgulum.