Blue-eared Kingfisher / Alcedo meninting

Blue-eared Kingfisher / Alcedo meninting

Blue-eared Kingfisher

SCI Name:  Alcedo meninting
Protonym:  Alcedo Meninting Trans.Linn.Soc.London(1), 13 p.172
Category:  Coraciiformes / Alcedinidae /
Taxonomy Code:  blekin1
Type Locality:  Java.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1821
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ALCEDO
(Alcedinidae; Ϯ Common Kingfisher A. atthis ispida) L. alcedo, alcedinis  or halcedo, halcedinis  kingfisher.  The later spellings are from the false etymology of Gr. ἁλς hals  sea; "56. ALCEDO.  Rostrum trigonum, crassum, rectum, longum.  Lingua carnosa, brevissima, plana, acuta." (Linnaeus 1758); "Alcedo Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 115. Type, by subsequent designation, Alcedo ispida Linné. (Swainson, Zool. Illustr., 1, 1820-21 (1821), text to pl. 26.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 170).  Linnaeus's Alcedo comprised seven species (A. Ispida, A. erithaca, A. Alcyon, A. Todus, A. smyrnensis, A. rudis, A. Dea).  New data supports the possible creation of a new order (Alcediniformes), containing the kingfishers, motmots and todies, separate from the current Coraciiformes.
Var. Halcedo, Alaudo, Aleedo, Alucido
Synon. Alcedoides, Alcyone, Caeruleornis, Capya, Cyanispida, Euryzonia, Ispida, Kerytus, Megalcedo, Pseudalcedo.

alcedo
L. alcedo, alcedinis or halcedo, halcedinis  kingfisher (see Alcedo).

meninting
Javanese name Meninting for the Deep-blue Kingfisher (Alcedo).

SUBSPECIES

Blue-eared Kingfisher (coltarti)
SCI Name: Alcedo meninting coltarti
coltarti
Dr Henry Neville Coltart (1873-1922) British medical officer in India 1899-1913, oologist, field naturalist (subsp. Alcedo meninting, subsp. Stachyris nigriceps).

Blue-eared Kingfisher (laubmanni)
SCI Name: Alcedo meninting laubmanni
laubmanni / laubmanniana / laubmannianus
Prof. Dr. Alfred Louis Laubmann (1886-1965) German zoologist (syn. Alcedo meninting coltarti, syn. Alectoris rufa intercedens, syn. Crypturellus obsoletus, syn. Emberiza fucata, syn. Leiopicus medius caucasicus, subsp. Pheucticus chrysogaster, syn. Pica pica bactriana, subsp. Todiramphus chloris).

Blue-eared Kingfisher (phillipsi)
SCI Name: Alcedo meninting phillipsi
phillipsi / phillipsii
● Dr Allan Robert Phillips (1914-1996) US ornithologist, taxonomist, collector (subsp. Aimophila ruficeps, subsp. Baeolophus wollweberi, subsp. Cardinalis cardinalis, subsp. Catharus ustulatus, subsp. Certhia americana, subsp. Cochlearius cochlearius, subsp. Cyanocitta stelleri, syn. Icterus spurius, subsp. Pachysylvia decurtata, subsp. Setophaga petechiaTangara).
● Maj. William Watt Addison Phillips (1892-1981) British tea-planter, naturalist in Ceylon (subsp. Alcedo meninting, syn. Ardeola grayii (Martin Schneider in litt.), subsp. Dumetia hyperythra, subsp. Treron phoenicopterus).
● Dr John Charles Phillips (1876-1938) US conservationist, ornithologist, philanthropist, world traveller (syn. Anthus correndera grayi, subsp. Turdus migratorius).
● Eponym; "Anthreptes collaris phillipsi new race.  ...   Type.—In the British Museum.  Female: Lofu River, Northern Rhodesia, collected by S. A. Neave, 17 August, 1908." (C. M. N. White 1950, Bull. Brit. Orn. Cl., 70, 41); doubtless after either (1) Edwin Percy Phillips (1884-1967) South African botanist, taxonomist, or (2) Charles Malcolm Phillips (1918-1990) British surgeon, ophthalmologist in Northern Rhodesia (Martin Schneider in litt.) (syn. Hedydipna collaris garguensis).
● Dr Benjamin Phillips (1805-1861) British physician, naturalist, bibliophile, friend of Audubon (syn. Leuconotopicus villosus).
● Ethelbert Edward Lort Phillips (1857-1944) English businessman, explorer, big-game hunter in East Africa 1885-1895 (Oenanthe).

Blue-eared Kingfisher (scintillans)
SCI Name: Alcedo meninting scintillans
scintillans
L. scintillans, scintillantis  sparkling, bright, twinkling  < scintillare  to sparkle  <  scintilla  spark.

Blue-eared Kingfisher (rufigastra)
SCI Name: Alcedo meninting rufigastra
rufigaster / rufigastra
Mod. L. rufigaster, rufigastri  red-bellied  < L. rufus  red, rufous; gaster, gasteris  belly.
● ex “Red-breasted Shoveler” of Pennant 1761, and “Red-breasted Duck” of Latham 1785 (syn. Spatula clypeata).
● ex “Figuier du Sénégal” and “Figuier à ventre gris du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 582, figs. 1, 3 (unident.).
● ex “Pie à Culotte de Peau” of Levaillant 1800, pl. 55 (artefact).

Blue-eared Kingfisher (verreauxii)
SCI Name: Alcedo meninting verreauxii
verreauxii / verreauxius / verreauxorum
● Jules Pierre Verreaux (1807-1873) French natural history dealer, collector (subsp. Alcedo meninting, Aquila, Carpodacus, ?syn. Graminicola bengalensis, syn. Hypargos margaritatus, subsp. Tauraco macrorhynchus, subsp. Turdus libonyanus, syn. Vidua paradisaea).
● Jules Pierre Verreaux (1807-1873) and his brothers, Jean Baptiste Édouard Verreaux (1810-1868) and Joseph Aléxis Verreaux (d. 1868) French natural history dealers (Maison Verreaux in Paris) (subsp. Aviceda cuculoides).
● Jean Baptiste Édouard Verreaux (1810-1868) and Jules Pierre Verreaux (1807-1873) French natural history dealers (syn. Campylopterus hemileucurus, Trichoglossus x Glossopsittacus hybrid, syn. Verreauxia africana).
● Jean Baptiste Édouard Verreaux (1810-1868) French natural history dealer, collector (subsp. Celeus grammicus, Lophornis).
● see also veroxii

Blue-eared Kingfisher (proxima)
SCI Name: Alcedo meninting proxima
proxima / proximus
L. proximus  very near, nearest, most like  < super. propior, propioris  nearer  < comp. prope  near.

Blue-eared Kingfisher (subviridis)
SCI Name: Alcedo meninting subviridis
subviridis
L. subviridis  somewhat green, greenish  < sub  beneath, somewhat; viridis  green  < virere  to be green (cf. Mod. L. subviridis  pale green).

Blue-eared Kingfisher (callima)
SCI Name: Alcedo meninting callima
callima
Gr. καλλιμος kallimos  beautiful  < καλος kalos  beautiful.

Blue-eared Kingfisher (meninting)
SCI Name: Alcedo meninting meninting
meninting
Javanese name Meninting for the Deep-blue Kingfisher (Alcedo).

Blue-eared Kingfisher (amadoni)
SCI Name: Alcedo meninting amadoni
amadoni / amadonis
Dr Dean Amadon (1912-2003) US ornithologist at AMNH 1937-2003 (syn. Alcedo meninting, syn. Anthreptes tephrolaemus, subsp. Cinnyris minullus, subsp. Coracina welchmani, subsp. Eurillas virens, syn. Geokichla citrina cyanota, subsp. Hirundo aethiopica, subsp. Lampornis viridipallens, syn. Lamprotornis chalybaeus, syn. Rimator malacoptilus, subsp. Spinus crassirostris, subsp. Treron pompadora, syn. Urotriorchis macrourus).