Bonaparte’s Gull / Chroicocephalus philadelphia

Bonaparte\'s Gull / Chroicocephalus philadelphia

Bonaparte's Gull

SCI Name:  Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Protonym:  Sterna Philadelphia Geogr.[Guthrie]ed.2(Am.) ed.2(Am.), 2 p.319
Category:  Charadriiformes / Laridae /
Taxonomy Code:  bongul
Type Locality:  No locality = near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1815
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

Chroicocephalus
(Laridae; syn. Larus  Black-headed Gull L. ridibundus) Gr. χρωικος khrōikos  coloured  < χρωζω khrōzō  to colour, to stain; -κεφαλος  -kephalos  -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head; "SUB GENUS 3.  CHROICOCEPHALUS.  Nobis  Sp. 1. C. CAPISTRATUS.  TemminckSyn. Larus Capistratus, Temm. Jenyns.  Mouette a Mosque [sic] Brun, Temm.  Brown-headed Gull, Eyton.   Sp. 2. C. RIDIBUNDUS. LinnæusSyn. Larus Ridibundus, Lath. Shaw, Linn. Gmel.  L. Cinerarius Linn. Gmel.  Gavia Ridibunda Phænicopos, Briss.  L. Cinereus, Ray. Will.  La Mouette Rieuse ou à Capuchon Brun, Temm.  Le Mouette Rieuse, and Le Petite Mouette Cendrée, Buff.  Black-headed Gull, and Red-legged Gull, Penn. Lath. Bewick.   Sp. 3. C. MINUTUS. PallasSyn. Larus Minutus, Pall. Gmel. Shaw, Temm.  L. Atricilloides, Gmel.   Mouette Pygmiée [sic], Temm.  Little Gull, English Authors." (Eyton 1836); "Chroicocephalus for a new subgenus under Larus, Linn., for the reception of such gulls as have the tarsi slender, thighs considerably denuded, hind toe very small, head only, or head and upper part of neck, dark-coloured in the summer state of plumage   ...   derived from two Greek words, κροικος, coloured, and κεφαλη, head; signifying that the birds classed under that name have coloured heads" (Eyton per Wharton 1878); "Chroicocephalus Eyton, Hist. Rar. Brit. Bds., Cat., p. 53, 1836—type, by subs. desig. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., p. 79, 1840), Larus capistratus Temminck = Larus ridibundus Linnaeus." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1948, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (3), p. 253).
Var. Chroecocephalus, Chroeocephalus, Chroiococephalus, Chroiocephalus, Chraeococephalus, Chraecocephalus, Chroocephalus, Croicocephalus, Kroikocephalus, Kroicocephalus, Krokocephalus.

philadelphia / philadelphica / philadelphicus
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
● Implied TL Philadelphia: "* Banded-tail T[ern]. . S[terna]. Philadelphia.  ...  *This is a nondescript" (Ord in Guthrie 1815) (Larus).