Brown Noddy / Anous stolidus

Brown Noddy / Anous stolidus

Brown Noddy

SCI Name:  Anous stolidus
Protonym:  Sterna stolida Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.137
Category:  Charadriiformes / Laridae /
Taxonomy Code:  brnnod
Type Locality:  'Americae pelago '' = West Indies.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ANOUS
(Laridae; Ϯ Brown Noddy A. stolidus) Gr. ανους anous  foolish, silly  < ανοος anoos  without understanding; "ANOÜS.  NODDY.   Generic CharacterRostrum capite longum, subulatum, subrectum, acutum, compressiusculum; mandibula superiore paulo inclinata.  Nares lineares, basales.  Alæ mediocres.  Cauda haud furcata.  Pedes tetradactyli, debiles; digito postico minuto, ungues parvæ.    ANOÜS. Leach. MS.  STERNA. Linn., Gmel., Lath.  GAVIA. Briss.  PASSER. Ray.   THE Noddies differ from the Terns and Viralves by having the tail nearly equal with the wings, and even at the end: their beak also differs from that of either of the above genera in its form, which approaches somewhat to that of the beak of the Gulls.  They are said to be a very stupid race of birds, and to allow themselves to be knocked on the head without attempting to remove from the place: they are usually of very dark and sombre colours; and are found within the tropics.   BLACK NODDY.  (Anoüs niger.)  ...  They are called Noddies from their apparent stupidity in flying into ships, and allowing themselves to be caught by the hand; but they will frequently inflict very severe wounds with their beak, and scratch with their claws those persons who attempt to catch them.    DUSKY NODDY.  (Anoüs fuscatus.)  ...   SHORT-TAILED NODDY.  (Anoüs plumbea.)  ...   BROWN NODDY.  (Anoüs? spadicea.)" (Stephens 1826); "Anoüs Stephens, in Shaw's Gen. Zool., 13, pt. 1, 1826, p. 139. Type, by subsequent designation, Anoüs niger Stephens = Sterna stolida Linné. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 79.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 346).
Synon. Aganaphron, Anaethetus, Anousella, Gavia, Megalopterus, Micranous, Noddi, Nodinus, Procelsterna, Stolida.

stolida / stolidus
L. stolidus  foolish, stupid.
● "70. STERNA.  ...  stolida.  1. S. cauda cuneiformi, corpore nigro, fronte albicante. Amœn. acad. 3. p.  Hirundo marina major, capite albo. Sloan. jam. 1. p. 31. t. 6. f. 2. Catesb. carol. 1. p. 88. t. 88.  Anæthetus minor fuscus, vertice cinereo, rostro glabro. Brown. jam. 481.  Habitat in Americæ PelagoPelagicæ aves vix homines adventantes metuunt." (Linnaeus 1758) (Anous).

SUBSPECIES

Brown Noddy (plumbeigularis)
SCI Name: Anous stolidus plumbeigularis
plumbeigularis
L. plumbeus  plumbeous  < plumbum  lead; Mod. L. gularis  of the throat  < L. gula  throat.

Brown Noddy (pileatus)
SCI Name: Anous stolidus pileatus
pileata / pileatum / pileatus
L. pileatus  capped  < pileus  felt-cap.
● ex “Petit Fouquet des Philippines” of Sonnerat 1782 (syn. Anous stolidus).
● ex “Pigeon verd à tête grise d’Antigue” of Sonnerat 1776 (syn. Chalcophaps indica).
● ex “Souï” or “Petit Tinamou de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 829 (syn. Crypturellus soui).
● ex “Gobe-mouche olive de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 574, fig. 2 (unident;?Empidonax sp., ?Myiobius sp.).
● ex “Martin- pêcheur de la Chine” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 673, “Martin-pêcheur à coïffe noir” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Black-capped Kingsfisher” of Latham 1782 (Halcyon).
● "54. PICUS.  ...  pileatus.  3. P. niger, capite cristato rubro, temporibus alisque albis maculis.  Picus niger maximus, capite rubro. Catesb. car. 2. p. 17. t. 17. Kalm. itin. 2. p. 271.  Ipecu. Marcgr. bras. 207.  Habitat in America.  Differt a P. cornicino, quod tempora alba; maculæ aliquot parvæ in alis albæ; caput magis late coccineum." (Linnaeus 1758) (Hylatomus).
● ex “Tangara à coëffe noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 720, fig. 2 (Nemosia).
● ex “Tangara à coëffe noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 720, fig. 2, “Coiffe noire” of de B uffon 1770-1783, and “Hooded Tanager” of Latham 1783 (syn. Nemosia pileata).
● ex “Black-hooded Wheat-ear” of Latham 1783 (Oenanthe).
● ex “Héron blanc huppé de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 907, and “Héron blanc” of de Buffon 1770-1786 (Pilherodius).
● ex “Perruche à tête noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 744, “Caïca” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Hooded Parrot” of Latham 1781 (syn. Pionopsitta caica).
● ex “Black-capped Shrike” of Latham 1787 (syn. Sakesphorus canadensis).
● ex “Pluvier du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, “Pluvier coiffé” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Hooded Plover” of Latham 1785 (syn. Sarciophorus tectus).
● ex “Perruche de l’isle de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776 (syn. Tanygnathus lucionensis).
● ex “Bruant du cap de Bonne-Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 386, fig. 2, and “Bonjour-Commandeur” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (syn. Zonotrichia capensis).

Brown Noddy (galapagensis)
SCI Name: Anous stolidus galapagensis
galapagensis / galapagoensis
Galápagos Is. (Spanish galopegos  tortoises).
● Erroneous TL. Galápagos Is. (= California) (syn. Zonotrichia coronata).

Brown Noddy (ridgwayi)
SCI Name: Anous stolidus ridgwayi
ridgway / ridgwayi
Robert Ridgway (1850-1929) US ornithologist, Smithsonian Curator of Birds 1880-1929 (Aegolius, syn. Amazona leucocephala, subsp. Anous stolidus, Antrostomus, subsp. Arremonops rufivirgatus, Baeolophus, syn. Basileuterus culicivorus, Buteo, subsp. Buteogallus urubitinga, subsp. Camptostoma imberbe, subsp. Certhidea fusca, subsp. Chasiempis sandwichensis, subsp. Cochlearius cochlearius, subsp. Colinus virginianus, Cotinga, subsp. Cyanocitta stelleri, subsp. Dendrocincla fuliginosa, syn. Dendrocolaptes certhia concolor, syn. Dryobates scalaris parvus, subsp. Fregata minor, subsp. Geothlypis poliocephalaGlaucidium, subsp. Icterus icterus, subsp. Jacamerops aureus, subsp. Lagopus muta, subsp. Leiothlypis ruficapilla (ex Helmithophaga ruficapilla gutturalis Ridgway, 1874), subsp. Loxigilla noctis, syn. Megascops trichopsis, subsp. Myiobius atricaudus, Nesotriccus, subsp. Pandion haliaetus, syn. Passerella iliaca insularis, subsp. Pheugopedius coraya, Plegadis, subsp. Psarocolius wagleri, subsp. Scardafella squammata, Stelgidopteryx, Thalurania, subsp. Thryorchilus browni, subsp. Xenops genibarbis).

Brown Noddy (stolidus)
SCI Name: Anous stolidus stolidus
stolida / stolidus
L. stolidus  foolish, stupid.
● "70. STERNA.  ...  stolida.  1. S. cauda cuneiformi, corpore nigro, fronte albicante. Amœn. acad. 3. p.  Hirundo marina major, capite albo. Sloan. jam. 1. p. 31. t. 6. f. 2. Catesb. carol. 1. p. 88. t. 88.  Anæthetus minor fuscus, vertice cinereo, rostro glabro. Brown. jam. 481.  Habitat in Americæ PelagoPelagicæ aves vix homines adventantes metuunt." (Linnaeus 1758) (Anous).