Brown Quail / Synoicus ypsilophorus

Brown Quail / Synoicus ypsilophorus

Brown Quail

SCI Name:  Synoicus ypsilophorus
Protonym:  Coturnix ypsilophorus J.Hist.Nat.Paris 2 p.297 pl.39
Category:  Galliformes / Phasianidae /
Taxonomy Code:  broqua1
Type Locality:  No locahty = Tasmania apud Mathews.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1792
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

SYNOICUS
(Phasianidae; Ϯ Brown Quail S. ypsilophorus australis) Gr. συνοικος sunoikos  living together  < συν sun  together; οικος oikos  dwelling  < οικεω oikeō  to inhabit; "SYNOICUS AUSTRALIS. Australian Partridge.  ...  Moo-réete, Aborigines of the lowland districts of Western Australia.  Brown Quail, Colonists of Swan River and Van Diemen's Land.  ...   Its call is very similar to that of the Common Partridge, and like that bird it is found in coveys of from ten to eighteen in number, which simultaneously rise from the ground and pitch again within a hundred yards of the spot whence they rose. It sits so close, that it will often admit of being nearly trodden upon before it will rise." (Gould 1843); "Synoicus Gould, Bds. Austr., pt. 12, 1843, pl. [13], (= 5, pl. 89.) Type, by monotypy, Perdix australis Latham." (Peters 1934, II, 94).
Var. Synaecus, Synoecus, Syonicus.
Synon. Excalfactoria, Ypsilophorus.

synoicus
Mt. Sinai, Egypt (pace Cabard & Chauvet 2003, “du grec sunoikos (qui vit dans la même maison, inséparable”) (Carpodacus).

ypsilophorus
Gr. υψιλον upsilon the letter Y; -φορος -phoros -bearing < φερω pherō to carry.

Ypsilophorus
(syn. Synoicus Ϯ Brown Quail S. ypsilophorus) Specific name Coturnix ypsilophorus Bosc, 1792; "SUBSTITUTE-NAMES.  ...  Ypsilophorus, nom. nov., for Synoicus Gould, 1837; not Synoicum Phipps, Voy. North Pole, App., p. 199, 1774." (Mathews 1912).

SUBSPECIES

Brown Quail (raaltenii)
SCI Name: Synoicus ypsilophorus raaltenii
raaltenii
Gerrit van Raalten (1797-1829) Dutch taxidermist, collector in the East Indies 1820-1829 (syn. Anthus rufulus, subsp. Synoicus ypsilophorus).

Brown Quail (pallidior)
SCI Name: Synoicus ypsilophorus pallidior
pallidior / pallidiora
L. pallidior, pallidioris  paler  < comp. pallidus  pale  < pallere  to be pale.

Brown Quail (saturatior)
SCI Name: Synoicus ypsilophorus saturatior
saturatior / saturatium / saturatius
L. saturatior, saturatioris  more richly coloured, intensely coloured  < saturare  to satisfy  < satur, satura  rich, copious  < satis  enough.

Brown Quail (lamonti)
SCI Name: Synoicus ypsilophorus lamonti
lamonti
William Lamont (1930-2020) Papuan sportsman, explorer in New Guinea (syn. Synoicus ypsilophorus monticola).

Brown Quail (dogwa)
SCI Name: Synoicus ypsilophorus dogwa
dogwa
Dogwa, Oriomo River, Papua New Guinea.

Brown Quail (plumbeus)
SCI Name: Synoicus ypsilophorus plumbeus
plumbeum / plumbeus
L. plumbeus  plumbeous, lead-coloured  < plumbum  lead.
● ex “Brown-fronted Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (syn. Eupsittula pertinax).
● "95. TURDUS.  ...  plumbeus.  9. S. cærulescens, gula atra.  Turdus viscivorus plumbeus. Catesb. car. I. p. 30. t. 30.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Turdus).

Brown Quail (monticola)
SCI Name: Synoicus ypsilophorus monticola
MONTICOLA
(Muscicapidae; Ϯ Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush M. saxatilis) L. monticola  mountain-dweller, mountaineer  < mons, montis  mountain; -cola  inhabitant  < colere  to dwell; "22. Familie. Drosseln, Turdus.  43. Gattung. Monticola.2    85. saxatilis    86. cyanus.   ...   2 Unterscheidendes Kennzeichen der Gattung: das rostrothe oder schieferblaue Gefieder." (Boie 1822); "Monticola Boie, 1822, Isis, col. 552. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1847, Gen. Birds, 1, p. 220), Turdus saxatilis Linnaeus." (Ripley in Peters 1964, X, 135).
Synon. Colonocincla, Cyanocincla, Migratorius, Notiocichla, Notiocincla, Orocetes, Oroscirtetes, Petrocincla, Petrocossyphus, Petrophila, Petrornis, Pseudocossyphus.

Brown Quail (mafulu)
SCI Name: Synoicus ypsilophorus mafulu
mafulu
Mafulu, south-eastern British New Guinea.

Brown Quail (australis)
SCI Name: Synoicus ypsilophorus australis
australe / australis
L. australis  southern  < auster, austri  south.
● Tierra del Fuego; ex “Thorn-tailed Warbler” of Latham 1783 (syn. Aphrastura spinicauda).
● Cayenne; ex “Southern Sandpiper” of Latham 1785 (?syn. Calidris canutus).
● Erroneous TL "Friendly Islands" (= Tasmania); ex "South-Sea Raven" of Latham 1781 (syn. Corvus coronoides).
● Erroneous TL. New Guinea (= Luzon, Philippines); ex “Manikor de la Nouvelle Guinée” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Dicaeum).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Snipe” of Latham 1801 (syn. Gallinago hardwickii).
● Australia; ex “Pacific Paroquet (var.)” of Phillip 1789 (syn. Glossopsitta concinna).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Pelican” of Latham 1824 (syn. Pelecanus conspicillatus).
● Australia; ex “Cold-river Goatsucker” of Latham 1823 (syn. Podargus strigoides).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Quail” of Latham 1802 (Synoicus).
● Tasmania; ex Brown MS (syn. Lathamus discolor).
● Dusky Sound, New Zealand (syn. Nestor meridionalis).
● Staten I., off Tierra del Fuego (= Isla de los Estados, Argentina); ex “Statenland Eagle” of Latham 1781 (Phalcoboenus).
● Christmas I.; ex "Southern Tern" of Latham 1785 (syn. Procelsterna caerulea) (so identified by Stresemann 1950).
● Kerguelen I.; ex “Southern Tern” of Latham 1785 (?syn. Sterna vittata).
● Madagascar; ex “Palumbus viridis Madagascariensis” of Brisson 1760 (Treron).
● Erroneous TL. Sandwich Is. (= Samoa); ex “Blue-crested Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (Vini).
● Tierra del Fuego; ex “Rusty-collared Finch” of Latham 1783 (subsp. Zonotrichia capensis).

Brown Quail (ypsilophorus)
SCI Name: Synoicus ypsilophorus ypsilophorus
ypsilophorus
Gr. υψιλον upsilon the letter Y; -φορος -phoros -bearing < φερω pherō to carry.