Brown Snake-Eagle / Circaetus cinereus

Brown Snake-Eagle / Circaetus cinereus

Brown Snake-Eagle

SCI Name:  Circaetus cinereus
Protonym:  Circaetus cinereus Nouv.Dict.Hist.Nat. 23 p.445
Category:  Accipitriformes / Accipitridae /
Taxonomy Code:  brseag1
Type Locality:  Senegal.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1818
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CIRCAETUS
(Accipitridae; Ϯ Short-toed Eagle C. gallicus) Gr. κιρκος kirkos  type of hawk, here associated with the harrier; αετος aetos  eagle; like its congeners, commonly called snake eagles, the Short-toed Eagle has a flattened owl- or harrier-like face; "11. CIRCAËTE, Circaëtus.  Falco, Linn. Gm. Lath.  Bec presque droit à la base, convexe en dessus. — Cire un peu poilue. — Tarses alongés. —Doigts un peu courts; les extérieurs unis à l'origine par une membrane. —Ongles courts, presque égaux.   Esp. Jean-le-Blanc, Buff.  ...  Circaetus [κιρκος, circus,  αετος, aquila]." (Vieillot 1816); "Circaëtus Vieillot, Analyse, 1816, p. 23. Type, by monotypy, "Jean-le-Blanc" Buffon = Falco gallicus Gmelin." (Peters, 1931, I, p. 269). 
Var. Circaetos, Circaetes, Circaeetus, CircaeatusCircaestus.
Synon. Melanaetus, Occipiter, Senex, Smithaetus.

cinereum / cinereus
L. cinereus  ash-grey, ash-coloured  < cinis, cineris  ashes.
● ex “Cinereous or Ash-coloured Vulture” of Willughby 1676, and Latham 1781, “Vultur cinereus” of Ray 1713, “Vultur fusco-nigricans” of Brisson 1760, and “Vautour” or “Grand Vautour” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 425, and de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Aegypius monachus).
● ex “Maracana” of Willughby 1676, “Maracana Brasiliensibus” of Ray 1713, “Psittacus brasiliensis cinereus” of Brisson 1760, and “Cinereous Parrot” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Anodorhynchus glaucus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche roux de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Attila rufus).
● ex “Falco freti Hudsonis” of Brisson 1760, “Faucon de la Baie d’Hudson” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Ash-coloured Buzzard” of Latham 1781 (syn. Buteo buteo).
● ex “Cinereous Wattle-bird” of Latham 1781 (Callaeas).
● ex “Ash-bellied Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (syn. Campylopterus largipennis).
● ex “Gavilan del campo ceniciento” of de Azara 1802-1805, nos.32, 33 (Circus).
● ex “Grive de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 515 (?Cotinga sp.).
● ex “Tinamou cendré” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Cinereous Tinamou” of Latham 1785 (Crypturellus).
● ex “Cotinga Cendré” of Levaillant 1801 (syn. Lipaugus vociferans).
ex “Wax-billed Barbet” of Latham, 1782 (syn. Monasa niger).
● (Boddaert 1783) ex “Manakin cendré de Cayenne” (= ♂) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 687, fig. 1, and “Oiseau cendré de la Guyane” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (syn. Pachyramphus rufus).
● (J. Gmelin 1789) ex “Cinereous Manakin” of Latham 1783 (syn. Pachyramphus rufus).
● ex “Mésange Grise au Joue Blanche” of Levaillant 1804, pl. 139, fig. 2 (Parus).
● ex “Oiseaux grises” or “Oies de plein” of Pernety 1769, “Race horse Duck” of Pernety 1771, and “Loggerhead Goose” of Latham 1785 (syn. Tachyeres brachypterus).
● ex “Grey and Yellow Flycatcher” of Edwards 1751 (Todirostrum).
● "57. MEROPS.  ...  cinereus.  3. M. rubro flavoque variegatus, subtus flavo-rubescens, rectricibus duabus longissimis rubris.  Avicula de gvauheilui [= Quauhcilui]. Seb. mus. I. p. 50. t. 30. f. 10.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (unident.; nom. dub.)
● (Forster 1781) ex “Merula Indica cinerea” of Brisson 1760 (unident.).
● (J. Gmelin 1789) ex “Merula Indica cinerea” of Brisson 1760, “Merle cendré des Indes” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Ash-coloured Thrush” of Latham 1783 (unident.).