Campo Flicker / Colaptes campestris

Campo Flicker / Colaptes campestris

Campo Flicker

SCI Name:  Colaptes campestris
Protonym:  Picus campestris Nouv.Dict.Hist.Nat. 26 p.101
Category:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  camfli1
Type Locality:  Paraguay.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1818
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

COLAPTES
(Picidae; Ϯ Yellow-shafted Flicker C. auratus) Gr. κολαπτης kolaptēs  chiseller  < κολαπτω kolaptō  to chisel, to peck, to strike; "The former group, or the Linnean Pici, it may be again observed, include some species where the bill loses the straight and angulated form, and becomes curved and compressed. These birds, of which the Picus auratus of Linnæus is the representative §, exhibit in this particular an evident approximation to the true Creepers   ...   § This group forms the genus Colaptes of Mr. Swainson." (Vigors 1825); "Colaptes Vigors, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 14, pt. 3, 1826, p. 457, note.  Type, by original designation, Cuculus auratus Linné." (Peters, 1948, VI, p. 100).  
Synon. Chrysopicus, Chrysoptilus, Craugus, Geopicos, Malherbipicus, Nesoceleus, Pediopipo, Pituipicus, Soroplex, Theiopicus, Tridactylocolaptes.

campestris
L. campester, campestris of the fields or plains < campus, campi field.
● "93. ALAUDA.  ...  campestris.  4. A. rectricibus fuscis inferiori medietate, exceptis intermediis duabus, albis, gula pectoreque flavescente. Fn. svec. 193.  Alauda minor campestris. Will. orn. 150. Raj. av. 70. n. 6.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Anthus).
● ex “Chorlito ribetes blancos acanelados” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 398 (syn. Bartramia longicauda).
● ex “Gavilan del campo pardo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 33 (syn. Circus cinereus) (=☼).
● ex “Carpintero campestre” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 253 (Colaptes).
● ex “American Hedge-Sparrow” of Edwards 1750 (Euneornis).
● ex “Chorlito campesino” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 397 (syn. Numenius borealis).
● ex “Ñacundá ” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 312 (syn. Podager nacunda).

SUBSPECIES

Campo Flicker (Campo)
SCI Name: Colaptes campestris campestris
campestris
L. campester, campestris of the fields or plains < campus, campi field.
● "93. ALAUDA.  ...  campestris.  4. A. rectricibus fuscis inferiori medietate, exceptis intermediis duabus, albis, gula pectoreque flavescente. Fn. svec. 193.  Alauda minor campestris. Will. orn. 150. Raj. av. 70. n. 6.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Anthus).
● ex “Chorlito ribetes blancos acanelados” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 398 (syn. Bartramia longicauda).
● ex “Gavilan del campo pardo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 33 (syn. Circus cinereus) (=☼).
● ex “Carpintero campestre” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 253 (Colaptes).
● ex “American Hedge-Sparrow” of Edwards 1750 (Euneornis).
● ex “Chorlito campesino” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 397 (syn. Numenius borealis).
● ex “Ñacundá ” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 312 (syn. Podager nacunda).

Campo Flicker (Field)
SCI Name: Colaptes campestris campestroides
campestroides
Specific name Picus campestris Vieillot, 1818; Gr. -οιδης -oidēs  resembling; "14. Geopicos (Colaptes Swains.) campestroïdes.  ...  Cette espèce, de l'Amérique méridionale, est tellement voisine du P. campestris (Licht.) ou P. chrysosternus et Chrysoptilus campestris (Swains.), que, dans les collections, elle est étiquetée Campestris femelle.  Ces deux espèces habitent les mêmes localités et diffèrent par la couleur du menton et de la gorge, ces parties étant noires chez le Campestris et blanches chez le Campestroides." (Malherbe 1849) (Colaptes).