Protonym: Stercorarius antarcticus b. chilensis Consp.Gen.Av. 2 p.207
Taxonomy: Charadriiformes / Stercorariidae / Stercorarius
Taxonomy Code: chisku1
Type Locality: Chile.
Publish Year: 1857
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Stercorariidae; Ϯ Arctic Skua S. parasiticus) L. stercorarius of dung < stercus, stercoris dung; skuas pursue other seabirds until they disgorge their food, the disgorged food once thought to be excrement, hence a former name 'Dung-hunter'; "Stercorarius. Genus 101. ... **1. LE STERCORAIRE. ... STERCORARIUS" (Brisson 1760): based on "Arctick Bird" of Edwards 1750; "Stercorarius Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p.l 56; 6, p. 149. Type, by tautonymy, Stercorarius Brisson = Larus parasiticus Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 311).
Var. Stercoraria, Stercararius, Stercoreus.
Synon. Atalolestris, Cataracta, Coprotheres, Labbus, Lestris, Oceanus, Praedatrix.
L. stercorarius of dung < stercus, stercoris dung (syn. Neophron percnopterus).
Chile (formerly spelled Chili). Etymology disputed; probably from Mapuche chilli ends of the earth.
● Erroneous TL. Chile (= Manila, Philippines) (syn. Lalage nigra).
● Erroneous implied TL. Chile (= Bolivia) (Tangara).
● “Hellmayr is the most recent author who proposes to reject Molina’s name on the grounds that it is a composite between the present form and Jacana j. jacana. It must be remembered that a large percentage of the names of the 18th century authors are composites, and if any degree of stability in nomenclature is to be attained the name must be fixed on one of the species to which the account applies, provided of course that the name is identifiable at all” (Peters 1934) (Vanellus).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)