Protonym: Puffinus (Nectris) nativitatis Bull.U.S.Natl.Mus. 1 no.7 p.29
Taxonomy: Procellariiformes / Procellariidae / Puffinus
Taxonomy Code: chrshe
Type Locality: Christmas Island, Pacific Ocean.
Publish Year: 1877
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Procellariidae; Ϯ Manx Shearwater P. puffinus) English names Puffing (c. 1502) or Puffin (c. 1508), originally applied to the cured carcass of the fat nestling shearwater, a delicacy until the end of the 18th century (cf. Med. L. paphinus puffin; Late Med. L. puphinus puffin or shearwater). By confusion and association the name was gradually also applied to the Atlantic Puffin, becoming fixed on that species during the second half of the 19th century, but retained in ornithology as a generic name for the shearwaters (see Lockwood 1984, 121-122); "Genre du Puffin. Genus Puffini" (Brisson 1760): based on "Puffinus" of Jonston 1650-1653, and Sibbald 1684, “Puffin of the Isle of Man” of Willughby 1676, and "Shear-Water" of Ray 1713; "Puffinus Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 56; 6, p. 130. Type, by tautonymy, Puffinus [puffinus] Brisson = Procellaria puffinus Brünnich." (Peters 1931, 1, 53).
Synon. Alphapuffinus, Cinathisma, Cymotomus, Microzalias, Nectris, Reinholdia, Rhipornis, Thyellas, Zalias.
● (syn. Fratercula Ϯ Atlantic Puffin F. arctica) "Puffin, (Puffinus, Will.) Common Puffin Puffinus flavirostris, (W.)" (C. T. Wood 1836).
English name Puffin (c. 1508), applied to the cured carcass of the nestling shearwater; ex “Skrabe” of Debes 1676, “Puffin of the Isle of Man” of Willughby 1676, and Puffinus Brisson 1760 (Puffinus).
L. nativitas, nativitatis birth, nativity < nativus natural, native < nasci to be born.
● Christmas I. (= Kiritimati), Line Is., Pacific Ocean (so-named because it was visited by Capt. James Cook on Christmas Eve 1777) (Puffinus).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)