Comb-crested Jacana / Irediparra gallinacea

Comb-crested Jacana / Irediparra gallinacea

Comb-crested Jacana

SCI Name:  Irediparra gallinacea
Protonym:  Parra gallinacea Pl.Col. livr.78 pl.464
Category:  Charadriiformes / Jacanidae /
Taxonomy Code:  cocjac1
Type Locality:  Menado, Celebes.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1828
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

IREDIPARRA
(Jacanidae; Ϯ Comb-crested Jaçana I. gallinacea) Portmanteau of surname Iredale (after Tom Iredale (1880-1972) English ornithologist, resident in Australia 1923-1972) and genus Parra Linnaeus, 1766, jaçana. "Irediparra nom. nov. replaces Hydralector auct. nec Wagler.  In the Isis p. 279, 1832, Wagler introduced a new genus Metopidius for "Latham's Parra africana und Cuvier's Parra aenea." On the next page he proposed Hydralector for "Vieillot's Parra cristata, Nouv. Dict. 16, p. 450, und Temminck's Parra gallinacea Pl. Col." In the List Genera Birds 1840 Gray typified these genera thus:  Page 70: Hydralector Wagl.  H. cristatus (Vieill.) Wagl.  [Page] 71: Metopidius Wagl.  M. aeneus (Cuv.) Wagl.  In the Cat. Birds xxiv. p. 73, 1896, these two species are synonymised with Parra indica Latham, which is considered the type of Metopidius. As a consequence Hydralector became an absolute synonym of Metopidius. But on p. 79 Hydralector is used, the type being given as H. gallinaceus Temm. However, that action cannot be admitted, and as no other name is available I propose the above, with I. gallinaceus = Parra gallinacea Temm. as type." (Mathews 1911).
Var. Irrediparra.
Synon. Hydralector.

gallinacea / gallinaceus
L. gallinaceus  hen, of hens (e.g. wattled)  < gallina hen  < gallus  cockerel (cf. Med. L. gallinaceus  cockerel).
● ex “Porte-Lambeaux” of Levaillant 1801, pl. 93 (syn. Creatophora cinerea).

SUBSPECIES

Comb-crested Jacana (gallinacea)
SCI Name: Irediparra gallinacea gallinacea
gallinacea / gallinaceus
L. gallinaceus  hen, of hens (e.g. wattled)  < gallina hen  < gallus  cockerel (cf. Med. L. gallinaceus  cockerel).
● ex “Porte-Lambeaux” of Levaillant 1801, pl. 93 (syn. Creatophora cinerea).

Comb-crested Jacana (novaeguinae)
SCI Name: Irediparra gallinacea novaeguinae
novaeguinae / novaeguineae / novaeguineensis
L. novus  new; Mod. L. Guineensis  Guinean  < Guinea  Guinea, West Africa; i.e. New Guinea (first named Nueva Guinea in 1545 by the Spanish explorer Ortíz de Retes, because aborigines in the Mamberano region reminded him of those he had encountered earlier in African Guinea).
● ex “Lori noir de la Nouvelle Guinée” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Black Lory” of Latham 1781 (syn. Chalcopsitta atra).
● ex “Choucas de la Nouvelle Guinée” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 269, and “New-Guinea Crow” of Latham 1781 (syn. Coracina striata).
 Erroneous TL. New Guinea (= New South Wales); ex “Grand Martin-pêcheur de la Nouvelle Guinée” of Sonnerat 1766, “who had received the specimen from Cook’s botanist, Joseph Banks, at Cape Town. Sonnerat had never travelled to either New Guinea or Australia” (Robin 2001) (Dacelo).
● ex “Crabier de la Nouvelle Guinée” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 926, “Crabier noir” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “New Guinea Heron” of Latham 1785 (syn. Egretta sacra).
● ex “Caille de la nouvelle Guinée” of Sonnerat 1776, and “New Guinea Quail” of Latham 1783 (unident.).

Comb-crested Jacana (novaehollandiae)
SCI Name: Irediparra gallinacea novaehollandiae
novaehollandae / novaehollandia / novaehollandiae
L. novus  new; Mod. L. Hollandia  Holland, Netherlands; i.e. New Holland (Mod. L. Nova Hollandia or Hollandia Nova), the name given to Western Australia by early Dutch explorers, and by which Australia was known to Europeans during the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries. In ornithology the name is usually synonymous with eastern Australia, especially the modern state of New South Wales.
● ex “New-Holland White Eagle”of Latham 1781 (Accipiter).
● ex “Crested Goatsucker” of Phillip 1789 (syn. Aegotheles cristatus).
● Erroneous TL. New Holland (= Van Diemens Land = Tasmania) (syn. Anthochaera paradoxa).
● ex “White-fronted Heron” of Phillip 1789 (Ardea).
● ex “New Holland Thrush” of atham 1783 (Coracina).
● ex “New-Holland Cassowary” of Phillip 1789, and White 1790 (Dromaius).
● ex “New Holland Penguin” of Latham 1824 (Eudyptula).
● ex "Crimson-billed Gull" of Latham, 1824 (Larus).
● ex “Crested Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (syn. Nymphicus hollandicus).
● ex “New Holland Tern” of Latham 1824 (syn. Onychoprion anaethetus).
● ex “New Holland Shag” of Latham 1824 (subsp. Phalacrocorax carbo).
● ex “New Holland Creeper” of White 1790 (Phylidonyris).
 Erroneous TL. New Holland (= New Zealand) (syn. Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae).
● ex “Psittaceous Hornbill” of Phillip 1789 (Scythrops).
● ex “New-Holland Grebe” of Latham 1824 (Tachybaptus).
● ex “Blue-bellied Parrot” of Brown 1776 (syn. Trichoglossus moluccanus).
● ex “Mouse Owl” of Latham 1821 (Tyto).
● ex "Wattled Sandpiper" of Latham 1801 (subsp. Vanellus miles).