Common Diving-Petrel / Pelecanoides urinatrix

Common Diving-Petrel / Pelecanoides urinatrix

Common Diving-Petrel

SCI Name:  Pelecanoides urinatrix
Protonym:  Procellaria urinatrix Syst.Nat. 1 pt2 p.560
Category:  Procellariiformes / Procellariidae /
Taxonomy Code:  codpet1
Type Locality:  Queen Charlotte Sound, South Island, New Zealand.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1789
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PELECANOIDES
(Procellariidae; Ϯ Common Diving-petrel P. urinatrix) Gr. πελεκαν pelekan, πελεκανος pelekanos  pelican; -οιδης -oidēs  resembling; the diving-petrels have distensible throat-pouches and broad-based, hook-tipped bills; "PREMIÈRE SOUS-DIVISION.  Doigts de devant entièrement réunis par une membrane OISEAUX D'EAU.  VINGT-DEUXIÈME ORDRE.  Bec crochu.  ...  80.  PÉLÉCANOÏDE. Pelecanoides  { Une poche sous la gorge, chaque pied ne présentant que trois doigts." (de Lacépède in Daudin 1799); "Pelecanoides Lacépède, Tabl. Ois., 1799, p. 13. Type, by monotypy, Procellaria urinatrix Gmelin." (Peters 1931, I, 75). 
Var. Pelscanoides, Pelsoanoides.
Synon. Haladroma, Onocralus, Pelagodyptes, Porthmornis, Puffinuria.

pelecanoides
Gr. πελεκαν pelekan, πελεκανος pelekanos  pelican; -οιδης -oidēs  resembling. 
● "The PELICAN-FOOTED TERN.  PELECANOPUS pelecanoïdes, Wagl.  Sterna pelecanoïdes, King, Nar. Voy. Austr. App." (G. Gray 1844) (syn. Procelsterna albivitta). 
● "STERNA PELECANOIDES, (n. s.)  ...  The hallux, or hind toe, of this bird appears to be more closely united to the fore toes, and to be situated more in front than is usual among the Terns: it is also to be observed, that the side of the nail of the middle toe is considerably dilated, although not serrated, similar to what is observed among the Pelecanidæ.  These characters offer a corroboration of the affinity of the Sternæ to the family of the Pelecanidæ, and particularly to the genus Phaëton, which approaches the Terns more closely than any other group of that family, in the smaller size of the membrane that unites the toes" (King 1826) (syn. Thalasseus bergii cristatus).

urinatrix
Late Med. L. urinatrix, urinatricis  diver  < L. urinator, urinatoris  diver  < urinare  to dive.
● ex "Diving Petrel" of J. Forster 1777, and Latham 1785 (Pelecanoides).

SUBSPECIES

Common Diving-Petrel (berard)
SCI Name: Pelecanoides urinatrix berard
berard / berardi
Adm. Auguste Bérard (1796-1852) French Navy, explorer (syn. Artamus leucoryn melaleucus, subsp. Pelecanoides urinatrix).

Common Diving-Petrel (dacunhae)
SCI Name: Pelecanoides urinatrix dacunhae
dacunhae
Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic Ocean.

Common Diving-Petrel (exsul)
SCI Name: Pelecanoides urinatrix exsul
exsul
L. exsul  exile  < ex  out of; solum  country, land (i.e. remote, isolated, insular).

Common Diving-Petrel (urinatrix)
SCI Name: Pelecanoides urinatrix urinatrix
urinatrix
Late Med. L. urinatrix, urinatricis  diver  < L. urinator, urinatoris  diver  < urinare  to dive.
● ex "Diving Petrel" of J. Forster 1777, and Latham 1785 (Pelecanoides).

Common Diving-Petrel (chathamensis)
SCI Name: Pelecanoides urinatrix chathamensis
chathamensis / chathamica
Chatham Is., Pacific Ocean (named after HMS Chatham, commanded by Lt. Broughton, who discovered the islands in 1791).

Common Diving-Petrel (coppingeri)
SCI Name: Pelecanoides urinatrix coppingeri
coppingeri
Dr Richard William Coppinger (1847-1910) Royal Navy, surgeon, naturalist, explorer, Inspector-Gen. of Hospitals and Fleets 1901-1904 (subsp. Pelecanoides urinatrix, subsp. Streptopelia picturata).