Common Kingfisher / Alcedo atthis

Common Kingfisher / Alcedo atthis

Common Kingfisher

SCI Name:  Alcedo atthis
Protonym:  Gracula Atthis Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.109
Category:  Coraciiformes / Alcedinidae /
Taxonomy Code:  comkin1
Type Locality:  Egypt.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ALCEDO
(Alcedinidae; Ϯ Common Kingfisher A. atthis ispida) L. alcedo, alcedinis  or halcedo, halcedinis  kingfisher.  The later spellings are from the false etymology of Gr. ἁλς hals  sea; "56. ALCEDO.  Rostrum trigonum, crassum, rectum, longum.  Lingua carnosa, brevissima, plana, acuta." (Linnaeus 1758); "Alcedo Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 115. Type, by subsequent designation, Alcedo ispida Linné. (Swainson, Zool. Illustr., 1, 1820-21 (1821), text to pl. 26.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 170).  Linnaeus's Alcedo comprised seven species (A. Ispida, A. erithaca, A. Alcyon, A. Todus, A. smyrnensis, A. rudis, A. Dea).  New data supports the possible creation of a new order (Alcediniformes), containing the kingfishers, motmots and todies, separate from the current Coraciiformes.
Var. Halcedo, Alaudo, Aleedo, Alucido
Synon. Alcedoides, Alcyone, Caeruleornis, Capya, Cyanispida, Euryzonia, Ispida, Kerytus, Megalcedo, Pseudalcedo.

alcedo
L. alcedo, alcedinis or halcedo, halcedinis  kingfisher (see Alcedo).

ATTHIS
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Bumblebee Hummingbird A. heloisa) Atthis (fl. 600BC) a beautiful young woman of Lesbos and favourite of the poetess Sappho; "*Trochilus  ...   *δ. Atthis Heloisa (Tr. — DELATTRE 1839.) RCHB. — Mexico.    * —— Costae (Tr. — BOURC. 1839.) RCHB. — California.    * —— Anna (Orn. — LESS. 1829.) RCHB. — California." (Reichenbach 1854); "Trochilus δ Atthis Reichenbach, Journ. f. Orn., 1, 1854, Beil. zu Extrah., p. 12. Type, by subsequent designation, Ornismya heloisa Lesson and DeLattre. (G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 141.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 137).

atthis
Gr. myth. Atthis, a handsome, richly-dressed Indian youth and son of Limniace, nymph of the Ganges; "50. GRACULA.  ...  Atthis.  7. G. viridi-cærulea, abdomine ferrugineo, pedibus sanguineis.  Corvus (ægyptius) viridi maculatus, dorso medio cæruleo. Hasselq. iter. 140. n. 20.  Habitat in Ægypto." (Linnaeus 1758) (Alcedo).

SUBSPECIES

Common Kingfisher (Common)
SCI Name: Alcedo atthis [atthis Group]
ALCEDO
(Alcedinidae; Ϯ Common Kingfisher A. atthis ispida) L. alcedo, alcedinis  or halcedo, halcedinis  kingfisher.  The later spellings are from the false etymology of Gr. ἁλς hals  sea; "56. ALCEDO.  Rostrum trigonum, crassum, rectum, longum.  Lingua carnosa, brevissima, plana, acuta." (Linnaeus 1758); "Alcedo Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 115. Type, by subsequent designation, Alcedo ispida Linné. (Swainson, Zool. Illustr., 1, 1820-21 (1821), text to pl. 26.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 170).  Linnaeus's Alcedo comprised seven species (A. Ispida, A. erithaca, A. Alcyon, A. Todus, A. smyrnensis, A. rudis, A. Dea).  New data supports the possible creation of a new order (Alcediniformes), containing the kingfishers, motmots and todies, separate from the current Coraciiformes.
Var. Halcedo, Alaudo, Aleedo, Alucido
Synon. Alcedoides, Alcyone, Caeruleornis, Capya, Cyanispida, Euryzonia, Ispida, Kerytus, Megalcedo, Pseudalcedo.

Common Kingfisher (Cobalt-eared)
SCI Name: Alcedo atthis hispidoides/salomonensis
ALCEDO
(Alcedinidae; Ϯ Common Kingfisher A. atthis ispida) L. alcedo, alcedinis  or halcedo, halcedinis  kingfisher.  The later spellings are from the false etymology of Gr. ἁλς hals  sea; "56. ALCEDO.  Rostrum trigonum, crassum, rectum, longum.  Lingua carnosa, brevissima, plana, acuta." (Linnaeus 1758); "Alcedo Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 115. Type, by subsequent designation, Alcedo ispida Linné. (Swainson, Zool. Illustr., 1, 1820-21 (1821), text to pl. 26.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 170).  Linnaeus's Alcedo comprised seven species (A. Ispida, A. erithaca, A. Alcyon, A. Todus, A. smyrnensis, A. rudis, A. Dea).  New data supports the possible creation of a new order (Alcediniformes), containing the kingfishers, motmots and todies, separate from the current Coraciiformes.
Var. Halcedo, Alaudo, Aleedo, Alucido
Synon. Alcedoides, Alcyone, Caeruleornis, Capya, Cyanispida, Euryzonia, Ispida, Kerytus, Megalcedo, Pseudalcedo.