Copper-rumped Hummingbird / Amazilia tobaci

Copper-rumped Hummingbird / Amazilia tobaci

Copper-rumped Hummingbird

SCI Name:  Amazilia tobaci
Protonym:  Trochilus Tobaci Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.499
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  corhum1
Type Locality:  Island of Tobago.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1788
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

AMAZILIA
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Cinnamon Hummingbird A. rutila) Specific name Ornismya amazilia Lesson, 1828 (see amazilia); "Race: Les AMAZILIS, amazilia, Less.  — (pl. 73.) L'ois. mouche lumachelle: Ornysmia lumachella, Less., rev. zool. p. 315. Hab.: Bahia.   — (pl. 74.) L'ois. mouche beau: Ornysmia eximia, Delattre, écho, 1813, Hab.: Guatimala.   — (pl. 75) L'ois. mouche canelle: Ornysmia cinnamomea, Less., rev. zoolog., 1842, p. 175; Orn. rufula, Delattre, écho, 1843. Hab: Acapulco, Guatimala.     (pl. 76) L'ois. m. Clarisse: Ornysmia clarisse, Longuemare, rev. zool., 1841, p. 306. H. Santa-Fe-de-Bogota." (Lesson 1843); "Amazilia Lesson, Écho du Monde Sav., 1843, col. 757. Type, by subsequent designation, Ornismya cinnamomea Lesson = Ornismia rutila DeLattre. (Stone, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philas., 1918, p. 256.)" (Peters 1945, V, p. 61).  I have elsewhere suggested that the substantive name Amazili be given to the hummingbirds of this genus.  
Var. Amazillia.   
Synon. Agyrtria, Albanora, Amazilicus, Amazilina, Amazilius, Amizilis, Arena, Arenella, Ariadne, Ariana, Chionogaster, Chionomesa, Cyanomyia, Elliotia, Eranna, Eratina, Eratopis, Erythronota, Eucephala, Hemistilbon, Hemithylaca, Hypochionis, Leucodora, Lisoria, Myletes, Polyerata, Pyrrhophaena, Saucerottia, Uranomitra.

amazilia
Amazili, an Inca heroine in Jean Marmontel’s novel (1777) “Les Incas, ou la destruction de l’Empire du Pérou” (Amazilia (“le nom de cette espèce rappellera à l’imagination de nos lecteurs une des héroïnes célébrées par Marmontel dans ses Incas, et en même temps les lieux où elle vit” (Lesson 1830), subsp. Columbina minuta).

tobaci / tobagensis
Tobago.
● ex “Tobago Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (Amazilia).

SUBSPECIES

Copper-rumped Hummingbird (tobaci)
SCI Name: Amazilia tobaci tobaci
tobaci / tobagensis
Tobago.
● ex “Tobago Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (Amazilia).

Copper-rumped Hummingbird (erythronotos)
SCI Name: Amazilia tobaci erythronotos
erythronota / erythronothon / erythronotos / erythronotum / erythronotus
Gr. ερυθρος eruthros  red; -νωτος -nōtos  -backed  < νωτον nōton  back.
● ex “Grimpereau à dos rouge de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782 (syn. Dicaeum cruentatum).
● ex “Bengal Woodpecker, var. A” of Latham 1782 (subsp. Dinopium benghalense).
● ex “Astrild à moustaches noires” of Vieillot 1805 (Estrilda).
● ex “Barbion à Dos Rouge” of Levaillant 1806 (syn. Pogoniulus atroflavus).

Copper-rumped Hummingbird (aliciae)
SCI Name: Amazilia tobaci aliciae
alice / alicei / aliciae
● Dame Alice Mary Godman née Chaplin (1868-1944) Deputy President of the British Red Cross Society, and second wife of English ornithologist Frederick DuCane Godman (Mark Brown in litt.) (Aglaeactis).
Anita Alice Mathilde Robinson née Phinney (1860-1918) US socialite, wife of explorer Col. Wirt Robinson (subsp. Amazilia tobaci).
● Alice Mary Kennicott (fl. 1858) sister of US naturalist Robert Kennicott (subsp. Catharus minimus).
● "Adult male similar to C. pareola regina Scl., but back and scapulars markedly paler, Alice Blue instead of Parula Blue" (Hellmayr & Gyldenstolpe 1937) (Björn Bergenholtz in litt.); "Alice blue is a pale tint of azure that was favored by Alice Roosevelt Longworth [1884-1980], daughter of Theodore Roosevelt, which [1902] sparked a fashion sensation in the United States" (Wikipedia accessed 23.10.2014) (syn. Chiroxiphia pareola regina).
● Alice or Alys of France (1160-?1220) daughter of Louis VII of France, Comtesse du Vexin, Comtesse de Ponthieu, betrothed to Richard I the Lionheart of England, and a popular figure in fiction (said to have joined Saladin's forces in revenge for Richard's rejection!) The Richmond Card Index records, “Possibly for Sallé’s mother” (who accompanied the entomologist Auguste Sallé on his expeditions; however, Sallé's mother was Catherine Sallé née Caillard (Martin Schneider in litt.)) (subsp. Chlorostilbon poortmani).

Copper-rumped Hummingbird (monticola)
SCI Name: Amazilia tobaci monticola
MONTICOLA
(Muscicapidae; Ϯ Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush M. saxatilis) L. monticola  mountain-dweller, mountaineer  < mons, montis  mountain; -cola  inhabitant  < colere  to dwell; "22. Familie. Drosseln, Turdus.  43. Gattung. Monticola.2    85. saxatilis    86. cyanus.   ...   2 Unterscheidendes Kennzeichen der Gattung: das rostrothe oder schieferblaue Gefieder." (Boie 1822); "Monticola Boie, 1822, Isis, col. 552. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1847, Gen. Birds, 1, p. 220), Turdus saxatilis Linnaeus." (Ripley in Peters 1964, X, 135).
Synon. Colonocincla, Cyanocincla, Migratorius, Notiocichla, Notiocincla, Orocetes, Oroscirtetes, Petrocincla, Petrocossyphus, Petrophila, Petrornis, Pseudocossyphus.

Copper-rumped Hummingbird (feliciae)
SCI Name: Amazilia tobaci feliciae
felicia / feliciae / feliciana
● Jeanne Françoise Elisa Félicie Abeillé née Gard (fl. 1848) wife of French collector Dr. Grégoire Abeillé (subsp. Amazilia tobaci, syn. Corythaixoides concolor, subsp. Juliamyia julie, syn. Minla strigula).
● Félicie Hombron (fl. 1838) wife of French surgeon-naturalist Jacques B. Hombron (syn. Chrysoena luteovirens).
● Charlotte Hortense Félicie Malherbe (b. 1809) wife of French ornithologist Alfred Malherbe (Björn Bergenholtz, Martin Schneider and Laurent Raty in litt.) (syn. Dendrocopos syriacus).

Copper-rumped Hummingbird (caudata)
SCI Name: Amazilia tobaci caudata
caudata / caudatus
L. caudatus  tailed, having a (long/short) tail  < cauda  tail.
● ex “Parus caudatus” of Gessner 1555, Aldrovandus 1599, and Willughby 1676, “Long-tail’d Titmouse” of Ray 1713, and “Parus vertice albo, cauda corpore longiore” of Linnaeus 1746 (Aegithalos).
● ex “Merle vert à longue queue de Sénégal” of Brisson 1760 (Lamprotornis).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à longue queue de Madagascar” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 248, fig. 1 (syn. Terpsiphone mutata).
● ex “Courly à col blanc de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 976, and “Grand Courlis de Cayenne” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (Theristicus).

Copper-rumped Hummingbird (caurensis)
SCI Name: Amazilia tobaci caurensis
caurensis
Río Caura, Venezuela.