Crested Shelduck / Tadorna cristata

Crested Shelduck / Tadorna cristata

Crested Shelduck

SCI Name:  Tadorna cristata
Protonym:  Pseudotadorna cristata Tori 1 p.1,2 fig.1
Category:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  creshe1
Type Locality:  Naktung River, near Fusan, Korea.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1917
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

TADORNA
(Anatidae; Ϯ Common Shelduck T. tadorna) Specific name Anas tadorna Linnaeus, 1758; "die Brandente (Tadorna familiaris)  ...  125. Tadorna familiaris. — Anas tadorna id. [Lin.]" (Boie 1822); "Base of the bill feathered.  206. TADORNA.  Shielddrake.  Bill broad at the end, hollow in the middle, and raised into a tubercle at the base.  A. Tadorna." (Fleming 1822); "Tadorna Fleming, Philos. Zoöl., 2, 1822, p. 260. Type, by tautonymy, Anas tadorna Linné." (Peters 1931, 1, 157); "Tadorna Boie, 1822 (before May), Tagebuch Reise Norwegen, pp. 140, 351. Type, by tautonymy, Tadorna familiaris Boie = Anas tadorna Linnaeus." (Johnsgard in Peters 1979, 1, ed. 2, 449).
Var. Todarna, Tadoma, Tradena.
Synon. BalcanasCasarca, Nettalopex, Pseudotadorna, Rhynchoceros, Vulpanser, Zesarkaca.

tadorna
French name Tadorne for a shelduck (Tadorne de Belon is the Common Shelduck)  < Mid. French names Tadorne and Tadourne for a type of duck. According to BOU 1915 “Tadorna” is an Italian word; "61. ANAS.  ...  Tadorna.  3. A. rostro simo, fronte compressa, corpore albo variegato.  Anas albo-variegata, pectoris lateribus ferrugineis, abdomine longitudinaliter cinereo-maculato. Fn. svec. 93.  Anas Tadorna dicta. It. scan. 212.* It. Wgot. 214.  Tadorna s. Vulpanser. Will. orn. 278. t. 70. 71. Raj. av. 140.  Vulpanser. Alb. av. I. p. 90. t. 94.  Brandgaas. Clus. exot. 368.  Habitat in Europæ maritimis." (Linnaeus 1758) (Tadorna).

cristata
L. cristatus  crested, plumed, tufted  < crista  crest, plume, tuft. This epithet refers not only to obvious coronal crests of various shapes and sizes, but also to frontal knobs, ear tufts, and upstanding rictal bristles or feathers.
● ex “Alcedo amboinensis cristata” of Seba 1734, and “Ispida philippensis cristata” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Alcedo vintsioides).
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  cristatus.  16. P. brachyurus albus, crista dependente flava.  Psittacus albus cristatus. Aldr. ornith. l. 11. c. 4. Will. ornith. . . Raj. av. 30. Seb. mus. I. p. 94. t. 59. f. 1. Alb. av. 3. p. 12. t. 12. Edw. av. 160. t. 160. Frisch. av. 4. t. 50.  Habitat in China." (Linnaeus 1758) (syn. Cacatua alba).
● ex “Cariama” of Marcgrave 1648 (Cariama).
● ex “Coucou huppé de Madagascar” of Brisson 1760 (Coua).
● ex “Touraco géant” of Levaillant 1806 (Corythaeola).
● "48. CORVUS.  ...  cristatus.  8. C. tectricibus alarum lineis transversis nigris, corpore cæruleo, collari nigro.  Pica glandaria cærulea cristata. Catesb. car. p. 15. t. 15.  Habitat in America septentrionali. Præcedenti in multis assimilans." (Linnaeus 1758) (Cyanocitta).
● ex “Foulque de Madagascar” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 797, “Grande Foulque à crête” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Crested Coot” of Latham 1785 (Fulica).
● "93. ALAUDA.  ...  cristata.  6. A. rectricibus nigris: extimis duabus margine exteriori albis, capite cristato.  Alauda cristata major. Raj. av. 69. Will. orn. 151. t. 40. Olin. av. 13. Alb. av. 3. p. 48. t. 52. Aldr. orn. l. 18. c. 18.  Habitat in Europæ viis." (Linnaeus 1758) (Galerida).
● ex “Crested Gallinule” of Latham 1785 (syn. Gallicrex cinerea).
● ex “Phasianus cristatus Indicus” of Brisson 1760, and “Great Crowned Indian Pigeon” of Edwards 1761 (Goura).
● ex “Crestudo amarillo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 129 (Gubernatrix).
● ex “Crested Falcon” of Dillon 1780, and “Caracca Falcon” of Latham 1781 (syn. Harpia harpyja).
● ex “Hirondelle Huppé” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 247 (?syn. Hirundo sp.).
● ex “Crested Duck” of Latham 1785 (syn. Lophonetta specularioides).
ex “Chouette à Aigrette Blanc” of Levaillant 1799, pl. 43 (Lophostrix).
● ex “Courlis huppé de Madagascar” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 841, and “Courlis huppé” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (Lophotibis).
● ex “Spatule huppée de l’isle de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776 (syn. Platalea alba).
● ex “Rouloul de Malacca” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Lesser crowned Pigeon” of Latham 1783 (syn. Rollulus rouloul).
● ex “Muscicapa senegalensis cristata” of Brisson 1760, “Gobe-mouche huppé du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 573, fig. 2, and “Crested Senegal Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (syn. Terpsiphone viridis).
● "88. MELEAGRIS.  ...  cristata.  2. M. capite pennis erectis cristato, temporibus violaceis.  Quan s. Guan. Edw. av. 13. t. 13.  Jacupema. Marcgr. bras. 198.  Coxolitli. Hern. mex. . .  Phasianus brasiliensis. Raj. av. 56.  Habitat in America australi.  Gula caruncula compressa rubra ut in antecedente, capite supra crista oblonga pennacea." (Linnaeus 1758) (unident.; composite).
● "96. LOXIA.  ...  cristata.  7. L. albicans, fronte cristata, uropygio pedibusque rubris, rectricibus intermediis longissimis.  Habitat in Æthiopia. J. BurmannusAvis inter maximas sui generis. Crista Maris rubra, Feminæ alba. Pectus in mare rubrum. Rectrices cinereæ: intermediæ duæ duplo longiores." (Linnaeus 1758) (unident.; nom. dub.).
● ex “Bec-de-Fer” of Levaillant 1801, pl. 79 (Sparactes; artefact).
● see cristatus