Protonym: Brachypternus Stricklandi Ann.Mag.Nat.Hist.(2), 13 p.449
Taxonomy: Piciformes / Picidae / Chrysocolaptes
Taxonomy Code: crbfla1
Type Locality: Gillymalle, Ceylon.
Author: Layard, EL
Publish Year: 1854
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Picidae; Ϯ Javan Flameback C. strictus) Gr. χρυσος khrusos gold; κολαπτης kolaptēs chiseller < κολαπτω kolaptō to peck; "the other group having a well developed fourth toe, and being altogether more powerfully formed, and highly typical or characteristic of the Woodpecker structure. To this last, which may be designated Chrysocolaptes, appertain P. strictus, Horsfield, (v. sultaneus, Hodgson),* P. hæmatribon, Wagler, and also I believe certain other species, together with the following:— P. (Chrysocolaptes) melanotus, Nobis. ... *This is generally, I believe, now considered to be P. Goensis, though the description of the latter by Daubenton and others certainly does not apply.—Referring to Dr. Horsfield's catalogue of Javanese birds prefixed to his Volume of Researches, I observe that he there refers his P. strictus to P. Goensis." (Blyth 1843); "Chrysocolaptes Blyth, Journ. As. Soc. Bengal, 12, pt. 2, 1843, p. 1004. Type, by subsequent designation, C. strictus = Picus strictus Horsfield. (Hargitt, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 18, 1890, p. 442).2 ... 2 Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 92, designates Picus sultaneus Hodgson, but this was not one of the originally included species." (Peters, 1948, VI, p. 225).
Synon. Indopicus, Reinwardtipicus, Xylolepes.
stricklandi / stricklandii
Hugh Edwin Strickland (1811-1853) British geologist, zoologist, co-ordinator of the Strickland Code, 1842 (?syn. Apalis rufogularis, syn. Ardenna grisea, syn. Cercomela tractrac albicans, Chrysocolaptes, syn. Fulica leucoptera, Gallinago, subsp. Kittacincla malabarica, Leuconotopicus, subsp. Lophostrix cristata, subsp. Loxia curvirostra (ex Loxia mexicana Strickland, 1851)).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)