Crimson Fruitcrow / Haematoderus militaris

Crimson Fruitcrow / Haematoderus militaris

Crimson Fruitcrow

SCI Name:  Haematoderus militaris
Protonym:  Coracias ? militaris Mus.Lever. 2 p.61
Category:  Passeriformes / Cotingidae /
Taxonomy Code:  crifru1
Type Locality:  Cayenne.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1792
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

HAEMATODERUS
(Cotingidae; Ϯ Crimson Fruitcrow H. militaris) Gr. αἱμα haima,  αἱματος haimatos  blood; δερα dera  neck, throat. "CORACIAS? MILITARIS ... Speciem hanc Coraciæ? splendidissimam simul et rarissimam profert regio Americæ Australis, Cayana dicta. Tota avis (exceptis remigibus alarum primoribus caudaque quæ nigricant) splendidissime est phœnicea ... Quamvis Coraciæ nomine distinxi, fatendum tamen est eam æquali fere jure ad genus Ampelis pertinere" (Shaw 1792); "Querulinæ.   ...   38. HÆMATODERUS, Bp.  —  83. militaris, Gm." (Bonaparte 1854); "Haematoderus BONAPARTE,2 Ateneo Italiano, 2, No. 11, p. 314 (= Consp. Volucr. Anisod., p. 4), 1854— type by monotypy [Haematoderus] militaris "GM." 3= Coracina [sic] militaris SHAW.  ...  2 Haematoderus BONAPARTE (Ann. Sci. Nat., (4), Zool., I, p. 134, 1854) is a pure nomen nudum.    3 There being no "militaris GMELIN," the generic name is almost unidentifiable.  CABANIS and HEINE (Mus. Hein., 2, p. 107, 1859) have, however, used it in connection with Coracina militaris LATHAM [= SHAW]." (Hellmayr, 1929, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VI, p. 225); "Haematoderus Bonaparte, 1854, Ateneo Italiano, 2 (11), p. 314 (= Consp. Voluc. Anisod., p. 4). Type, by monotypy, [Haematoderus] "militaris Gm." = Coracias militaris Shaw." (Snow in Peters, 1979, VIII, p. 302).

militaris
L. militaris  military, martial, soldier-  < miles, militis  soldier.
● ex “Great Green Maccaw” of Edwards 1764; "Military Macaw  ... the whole bird having much the appearance of the German military uniform, from which circumstance it not inappropriately derives its distinctive name" (Perry 1811) (Ara).
● ex Coracina militaris Latham 1801, and “Grand Cotinga” of Levaillant 1801 (syn. Haematoderus militaris).
● ex “Rubicilla fusca major” of Edwards 1751, and “Turdus ater, pectore coccineo” of Linnaeus 1754 (Leistes).
● ex “Etourneau des terres Magellaniques” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 113 (syn. Leistes loyca).