Cuban Blackbird / Ptiloxena atroviolacea
Protonym: Quiscalus atroviolaceus Hist.IslaCuba[Sagra] 3 p.121 pl.19
Taxonomy: Passeriformes / Icteridae / Ptiloxena
Taxonomy Code: cubbla
Type Locality: Cuba.
Publish Year: 1839
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Icteridae; Ϯ Cuban Blackbird P. atroviolacea) Gr. πτιλον ptilon feather; ξενος xenos strange; “Ptiloxena (gen. nov.) atroviolaceus (d'Orb.) ... Different authors have referred this bird to the genera Quiscalus, Scolecophagus and Dives. It is evidently more closely related to the last, in which recent authors place it ... The most striking difference between the two, however, is in the structure of the contour feathers of the fore parts of the body, especially those of the breast. In atroviolaceus the barbicels, while apparently of the normal number, are fasciculate, and, except at its basal third, adhere to the barb. For the terminal half of the feather, therefore, the barbs have no connection with one another, and this gives to the parts in which these feathers grow a finely streaked, hairy appearance. ... In Dives, however, and the continental Quiscali, the structure of the feathers is normal ... In view of these structural differences I think atroviolaceus should be placed in a new genus, for which I propose the name Ptiloxena” (Chapman 1892).
atroviolacea / atroviolaceus
Mod. L. atroviolaceus deep-violet, dark-violet < L. ater black; violaceus violet-coloured < viola, violet.
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)