Eurasian Hobby / Falco subbuteo

Eurasian Hobby / Falco subbuteo

Eurasian Hobby

SCI Name:  Falco subbuteo
Protonym:  Falco Subbuteo Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.89
Category:  Falconiformes / Falconidae /
Taxonomy Code:  eurhob
Type Locality:  Europe; restricted to Sweden by Linnaeus, 1761, Fauna Svecica, ed. 2, p. 20.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

FALCO
(Falconidae; Eurasian Hobby F. subbuteo) Late L. falco, falconis  falcon  < L. flectere  to curve (alluding to the curved talons) (cf. Late Gr. φαλκων phalkōn, φαλκωνος phalkōnos  falcon). "41. FALCO.  Rostrum aduncum, basi cera instructum.  Caput pennis arcte tectum.  Lingua bifida.  ...  Aquilæ dictæ fuere Falcones majores, pedibus hirsutis.  ...  Falconaria avs ad aucupium & venatum instruendi Falcones transiit in Scientiam; inter auctores plurimos eminet d'Esparon Falconaria. Francs. 1617. quart." (Linnaeus 1758). This genus is the second diagnosed in avian nomenclature. "Falco Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 88.  Type, by subsequent designation, Falco subbuteo Linné. (A. O. U. Committee, 1886.)" (Peters, 1931, I, 284); "Falco Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1, p. 88, 1758—type, by subs. desig. (Brit. Orn. Un-Comm., List of British Birds, p. 149, 1915),2 Falco Subbuteo Linnaeus.   ...   2 The A. O. U. Committee (1886), though generally credited with designating the genotype, unfortunately failed to do so, but merely determined Falco subbuteo as type by employing the inadmissable method of elimination." (Hellmay & Conover, 1949, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (4), p. 293); "Falco Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, p. 88. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1840, List Gen. Birds, p. 3), "F. peregrinus L." = Falco peregrinus Tunstall." (Amadon in Peters, 1979, I, 2nd ed., p. 400); "FALCO Linnaeus, 1758  M - Falco subbuteo Linnaeus, 1758; type by subsequent designation (A.O.U., 1886, Check List, 2nd ed., p. 193)." (Dickinson and Remsen (eds.), H. & M. Complete Checklist, 4th ed., 2013, 1 (Non-passerines), p. 349).  Linnaeus's Falco comprised twenty-six species (F. Melanætus, F. Chrysaëtus, F. fulvus, F. canadensis, F. rusticolus, F. barbarus, F. cærulescens, F. Albicilla, F. Pygargus, F. Milvus, F. forficatus, F. gentilis, F. Subbuteo, F. Buteo, F. Tinnunculus, F. sufflator, F. cachinnans, F. sparverius, F. columbarius, F. Lanarius, F. Haliætus, F. Gyrfalco, F. apivorus, F. æruginosus, F. palumbarius, F. Nisus).
Synon. AegypiusAesalonArchifalco, Asturaetus, CataractesCenchris, Cerchneis, Chiquera, ConfusianaCuvieriaDendrofalco, Dissodectes, DorcadotheraErythropus, Eufalco, Euhierax, Falcolus, Falcula, Gennadas, Gennaia, Gyrfalco, Harpe, Hierax, Hierofalco, Hypotriorchis, Ieracidea, Lanarius, Lithofalco, Megacerchneis, Neofalco, Nesierax, Notofalco, Palifalco, Pannychistes, Planofalco, Plioaetus, Pnigohierax, Poecilornis, Pontotriorchis, Rhynchodon, Rhynchofalco, Tichornis, Tinnunculus, Tolmerus, Turumtia.

falco
Late L. falco, falconis  falcon  < L. flectere  to curve; the “Sekretär” of Gravenhorst 1817 (syn. Sagittarius serpentarius).

subbuteo
L. sub  near to; buteo, buteonis  buzzard. Equivalent to Gr. ὑποτριορχης hupotriorkhēs  hawk mentioned by Aristotle, not further identified but traditionally linked with the Eurasian Hobby < ὑπο- hupo-  near; τριορχης triorkhēs  buzzard; "41. FALCO.  ...  Subbuteo.  13. F. cera pedibusque flavis, dorso fusco, nucha alba, abdomine pallido maculis oblongis fuscis. Fn. svec. 64.  Subbuteo. Alb. av. I. p. 6. t. 6. Raj. av. 15.  Habitat in Europa, Alaudis infestus." (Linnaeus 1758) (Falco).
● "3) Ein Baumfalke, Falco subbuteo Linn.  Ein unserm europäischen sehr ähnlicher Vogel." (Brehm 1845) (?syn. Falco longipennis).

SUBSPECIES

Eurasian Hobby (subbuteo)
SCI Name: Falco subbuteo subbuteo
subbuteo
L. sub  near to; buteo, buteonis  buzzard. Equivalent to Gr. ὑποτριορχης hupotriorkhēs  hawk mentioned by Aristotle, not further identified but traditionally linked with the Eurasian Hobby < ὑπο- hupo-  near; τριορχης triorkhēs  buzzard; "41. FALCO.  ...  Subbuteo.  13. F. cera pedibusque flavis, dorso fusco, nucha alba, abdomine pallido maculis oblongis fuscis. Fn. svec. 64.  Subbuteo. Alb. av. I. p. 6. t. 6. Raj. av. 15.  Habitat in Europa, Alaudis infestus." (Linnaeus 1758) (Falco).
● "3) Ein Baumfalke, Falco subbuteo Linn.  Ein unserm europäischen sehr ähnlicher Vogel." (Brehm 1845) (?syn. Falco longipennis).

Eurasian Hobby (streichi)
SCI Name: Falco subbuteo streichi
streichi
Franz Karl Ivo Streich (1857-1920) German Consul in Shanghai and Swatow, China 1886-1906 (subsp. Falco subbuteo).