Garganey / Spatula querquedula

Garganey / Spatula querquedula


SCI Name:  Spatula querquedula
Protonym:  Anas Querquedula Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.126
Taxonomy:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  gargan
Type Locality:  Europe; restricted to Sweden by Linnaeus, 1761, Fauna Svecica, ed. 2, p. 45.
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  


(Anatidae; Ϯ Northern Shoveler S. clypeata) L. spatula  spoon  < dim. spatha  spatula  < Gr. σπαθη spathē  spatula; "The Shoveler. Anas clypeata Germanis  ...  its Bill is three Inches long, coal black, much broader towards the Tip than at the Base, excavated like a Buckler, of a round Circumference" (Albin 1731); "[Anas] clypeata.  16. A[nas]. rostri extremo dilatato rotundato, ungue incurvo" (Linnaeus 1758); "71. Familie. Enten, Anas.  ...  152. Gattung.  Spatula.   388. clypeata." (Boie 1822); "Spatula Boie, Isis von Oken, 1822, col. 564. Type, by monotypy, Anas clypeata Linné." (Peters 1931, I, 169).
Synon. Adelonetta, Clypeata, Cyanopterus, PterocyaneaPunanetta, Querquedula, Rhynchaspis, Rhynchoplatus.

querquedula / querquedulus
L. querquedula  kind of duck mentioned by Varro and Columella; “Prof. Skeat says the name is from an onomatopoeic base, querq or kark, significative of any loud noise” (BOU 1915); "61. ANAS.  ...  Querquedula.  28. A. macula alarum viridi, linea alba supra oculos. Fn. svec. 108.  Kernell. Gesn. av. 107. Aldr. orn. l. 19. c. 33.  Querquedula prima. Will. ornith. 291. t. 74. Raj. av. 148.  Habitat in Europæ aquis dulcibus." (Linnaeus 1758) (Spatula).

(syn. Spatula Ϯ Garganey S. querquedula) L. querquedula  type of duck, apparently named from its call (cf. specific name Anas querquedula Linnaeus, 1758); "Anas; Querquedula" (Oken 1817); "QUERQUEDULA.  TEAL.  ...  THE Teals are distinguished by their diminutive size compared with the rest of the Anatidæ: their beak is longer in proportion than that of the Wigeons: it is also much narrower than in those birds, and its base is more elevated, approaching in form to that of some of the smaller species of Bernicle.    GARGANEY TEAL.  (Querquedula circia.)  ...  Anas circia. Linn. Syst. Nat. I. 204.  Gmel. Syst. Nat. I. 533.  Raii, Syn. 148.  Lath. Ind. Orn. 2. 873.    Querquedula æstiva. Briss. Orn. 6. 445.    Sarcelle d'été. Buff. Hist. Nat. Ois. 9. 268. Buff. Pl. Enl. 946." (Stephens 1824); "Querquedula Stephens, in Shaw's Gen. Zool., 12, (2), p. 142, 1824—type, by tautonymy, Anas circia Linnaeus = Anas querquedula Linnaeus." (Hellmayr & Conover 1948, XIII, 333).