Golden-eared Tanager / Tangara chrysotis

Golden-eared Tanager / Tangara chrysotis

Golden-eared Tanager

SCI Name:  Tangara chrysotis
Protonym:  Calliste chrysotis Esquis.Orn. livr.2 pl.7
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Thraupidae /
Taxonomy Code:  goetan1
Type Locality:  Perou.
Publish Year:  1846
IUCN Status:  


(Thraupidae; Ϯ Paradise Tanager T. chilensis paradisea) Tupí name Tangara  dancer, one who turns and skips, for the manakins but subsequently (Marcgrave 1648) transferred to other bright finch-like birds (cf. Brazilian Portuguese name Dançador; Wayāpi name Tängala; genus Saltator); "Genus Tangaræ (1).  ...  (1) Tangara, nomen Brasilianum, quibusdam hujus generic speciebus inditum.    Le genre du Tangara (1).  ...  (1) Tangara, nom qu'on donne au Brésil à quelques especes de ce genre.  ...  ** 1. LE TANGARA.  Tangara superne splendide nigra, inferne Beryllina; uropygio flammeo; capite superius & ad latera viridi; collo inferiore cœruleo-violaceo; remigibus majoribus exterius cœruleo-violaceis, interius nigris; minoribus & rectricibus splendide nigris. . . . .TANGARA." (Brisson 1760): ex "Tangara Brasiliensibus" of Marcgrave 1648, Jonston 1650-1653, Willughby 1676, and Ray 1713, and "Avicula de Tatao" of Seba 1735; "Tangara Brisson, 1760, Ornithologie, 3, p. 3. Type, by tautonymy, Tangara Brisson = Aglaïa paradisea Swainson." (Storer in Peters 1970, XIII, 359).   
Var. Tanara.   
Synon. Aglaia, Calliste, Calospiza, Chalcothraupis, Chrysothraupis, Diva, Euprepiste, Euschemon, Gyrola, Hypothlypis, Ixothraupis, Poecilostreptus, Procnopis, Stilpnia, Tanagraoides, Tanagrella, Tatao, Thraupis.

● Gr. χρυσωτης khrusōtēs  gilder  < χρυσος khrusos gold; -οτης -otēs  resembling (Lioparus).
● Gr. χρυσος khrusos  gold; -ωτις -ōtis  -eared  < ους ous, ωτος ōtos  ear (syn. Meliphaga lewinii, Tangara).
● See: chrysonotis

(Psittacidae; syn. Amazona Orange-winged Parrot A. amazonica) Gr. χρυσος khrusos  gold;
-ωτις -ōtis  -eared  < ους ous, ωτος ōtos  ear; "CHRYSOTIS*, Sw.  Amazonian Parrots.  Face plumed.  Wings rather short; the first and second quills graduated, and shorter than the third and fourth, which are the longest; all these have the inner web sinuated in the middle: tertials very long.  Tail short, longer than the wings, broad, with the tips rounded.  America only. (fig. 271.)   Amazonicus. LeVail. pl. 84.   Dufresnii. Ib. 91.   pulverulentus. Ib. 92.   ochropterus. Ib. 98.   xanthocephalus. Ib. 98. bis.   sordidus. Ib. 104.   signatus. Ib. 105.   cyanotis. Ib. 106.   leucocephalus. Ib. 107.   æstivus. LeVail. pl. 110.   autumnalis. Ib. 111.   Havanensis. Ib. 122.   festivus. Ib. 129.   cyanocephalus. Ib. 135.   columbinus. Spix, i. 37.   Xanthops. Ib. i. 26.   menstruus. Ib. 114. (aberrant.)   And several new species.  ... * In allusion to the yellow colour on the ears or face of nearly all the species." (Swainson 1837); "Chrysotis Swainson, 1837, Nat. Hist. Classification Birds, II, p. 300.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 52), C. amazonicus, i.e. Psittacus amazonicus Linnaeus, 1766." (JAJ 2021).