Gouldian Finch / Erythrura gouldiae

Gouldian Finch / Erythrura gouldiae

Gouldian Finch

SCI Name:  Erythrura gouldiae
Protonym:  Amadina Gouldiae BirdsAustr. pt15 pl.88
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Estrildidae /
Taxonomy Code:  goufin3
Type Locality:  Victoria River, Northern Territory.
Publish Year:  1844
IUCN Status:  


(Estrildidae; Pin-tailed Parrotfinch E. prasina) Gr. ερυθρος eruthros  red; ουρα oura  tail; excepting E. hyperythra and E. kleinschmidti, all male parrotfinches have bright red rumps and tails; "Erythura, Sw.  Bill thick, lengthened, resembling that of Euplectes. Tail very long, acuminated.   E. viridis. Pl. Col. 96." (Swainson 1837); "Erythrura Swainson, 1837, Class. Birds, 2, p. 280 (originally misspelled Erythura, but universally emended).  Type, by monotypy, Erythrura viridis Temminck, 1835, Pl. Col., livr. 96 = Loxia prasina Sparrman." (Mayr in Peters, 1968, XIV, p. 362). 
Var. Erythura (original spelling).   
Synon. Acalanthe, Acmura, Amblynura, Chloromunia, Chlorura, Erythrina, Lobiospiza, Lobospingus, Poedela, Reichenowia, Rhamphostruthus, Trichroa.

erythrura / erythruros / erythrurus
Gr. ερυθρος eruthros red; -ουρος -ouros -tailed  < ουρα oura  tail.

Elizabeth Gould (1804-1841) artist and wife of English publisher and naturalist John Gould (Aethopyga, syn. Caloenas nicobarica, Chloebia).