Gray-breasted Partridge / Arborophila orientalis

Gray-breasted Partridge / Arborophila orientalis

Gray-breasted Partridge

SCI Name:  Arborophila orientalis
Protonym:  Perdix orientalis Trans.Linn.Soc.London(1), 13 p.184
Taxonomy:  Galliformes / Phasianidae /
Taxonomy Code:  gybpar4
Type Locality:  Java, type from Province of Blambangan, eastern Java.
Publish Year:  1821
IUCN Status:  


(Phasianidae; Ϯ Hill Partridge A. torqueola) L. arbor, arboris  tree; Gr. φιλος philos  lover; "Genus ARBOROPHILA nobis.  Type. PERDIX OLIVACEA Lathami.?  Piora of the Nipalese.  Hill partridge and painted partridge of Europeans.  ARBOROPHILA  OLIVACEA nobis.  Bill equal to the head, or nearly so, slender; the maxilla more than half cut out by a large membranous nareal tect, in which the advanced nares are opened longitudinally, near to the cutting edge, by an elliptic lateral downward cleft.  Wings short, bowed and gradated, with the 5th quill longest.  Tail 14, drooped, somewhat feeble, extremely rounded and concealed by the coverts.  Legs and feet large.  Tarsi elevate, unspurred, nude.  Toes long; exterior lateral conspicuously larger than the inner.  Nails lengthened and straightened.  Cheeks invested with a red skin, which is nude in the orbitar region.  ..  Exclusively a forester, inhabiting the interior of deep woods, and perching as freely as a pheasant.  Gregarious in coveys, breeds on the earth, feeds on the ground and on trees, eating berries, seeds and insects.  Intestines and cæca longer than in Perdix, with a large powerful gizzard.  Has a shrill twittering call.  Is very timid and not at all pugnacious." (Hodgson 1837); "Arborophila Hodgson, Madras Journ. Lit. Sci., 5, 1837, p. 303. Type, by monotypy, "Perdix olivacea Latham" = Perdix torqueola Valenciennes." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 98).
Var. Arboricola.
Synon. Dendrophila, Hyloperdix, Oreoperdix, Peloperdix, Phoenicoperdix, Tropicoperdix.

orientale / orientalis
L. orientalis  eastern, oriental  < oriens, orientis  east.
Asia; ex “Anser moschoviticus” of Albin 1731-1738, and “Anser chinensis” of Linnaeus 1747 (syn. Anser cygnoides).
● India; ex Ardea antigone Linnaeus, 1758, “Grus orientalis” of Brisson 1760, and “Indian Crane” of Latham 1785 (syn. Antigone antigone).
 East Indies (= Seram and New Guinea); ex “Casoar des Indes orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 313 (syn. Casuarius casuarius).
● India; ex “Eastern Parrot” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Eclectus roratus).
● East Indies (= Amboina); ex “Coucou noir des Indes” (= ♂) and “Coucou tacheté des Indes” (=♀) of Brisson 1760 (subsp. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● East Indies (=Java); ex “Rollier des Indes” of Brisson 1760 (Eurystomus).
● East Indies; ex “Merula indica” of Brisson 1760, “Merle des Indes Orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 273, fig. 2, and “Ash-rumped Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Lalage nigra).
● India; ex “Indian Bee-eater” and “Coromandel Bee-eater” of Latham 1782-1787 (Merops).
● Asia; ex “Onocrotalus” or “Pelecanus” of previous authors (syn. Pelecanus onocrotalus).
● "91. TETRAO.  ...  orientalis.  12. T. pedibus antice pilosis: abdomine gulaque atra, collari ferrugineo, cauda cuneiformi.  Tetrao orientalis. Hasselq. it. 278. n. 43.  Perdix damascena. Will. orn. 128.  Francolin. Tournef. it. I. p. 158. t. 158.  Habitat in Oriente." (Linnaeus 1758) (Pterocles).
● China; ex “Tourterelle brune de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Chinese Turtle” of Latham 1783 (Streptopelia).
● China; ex “China Owl” of Latham 1801 (syn. Strix seloputo).