Great Kiskadee / Pitangus sulphuratus

Great Kiskadee / Pitangus sulphuratus

Great Kiskadee

SCI Name:  Pitangus sulphuratus
Protonym:  [Lanius] sulphuratus Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.137
Category:  Passeriformes / Tyrannidae /
Taxonomy Code:  grekis
Type Locality:  Cayenne.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PITANGUS
(Tyrannidae; Ϯ Great Kiskadee P. sulphuratus) Tupí name Pitanguá guacú for a large flycatcher, perhaps the Great Kiskadee (cf. “forest of Pitanga, about twenty leagues west of Bahia” (Swainson 1820-1823)); "PITANGUS.   Rostrum magnum.  Alæ mediocres, remigum pogoniis internis immarginatis, apice obtusis.  Cauda æqualis.  Pedes subbreves, fortes.   ...   Type. Tyrannus sulphuratus. Vieill. Ois. de L'Am. pl. 47." (Swainson 1827).
Synon. Apolites, Saurophagus.

sulphurata / sulphuratus
L. sulphuratus  sulphurated  < sulphur, sulphuris sulphur.
● ex “Grosbec du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of Brisson 1760 (Crithagra).
● ex “Pie-griesche jaune de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (Pitangus).

SUBSPECIES

Great Kiskadee (texanus)
SCI Name: Pitangus sulphuratus texanus
texana / texanus / texensis
Texas, USA.
● Erroneous TL. Republic of Texas (= Veracruz, Mexico) (Myiozetetes).

Great Kiskadee (derbianus)
SCI Name: Pitangus sulphuratus derbianus
derbiana / derbianus
Edward Smith Stanley 13th Earl of Derby (1775-1851) English zoologist, founder of Knowsley Menagerie (Aulacorhynchus, syn. Chauna chavaria, syn. Ensifera ensifera, syn. Lyrurus tetrix, Oreophasis, Orthotomus, subsp. Pitangus sulphuratus, Psittacula) (see also derbyanus).

Great Kiskadee (guatimalensis)
SCI Name: Pitangus sulphuratus guatimalensis
guatemalae / guatemalensis / guatimalensis
Guatemala (Nahuatl name Cuauhtēmallān place of many trees).

Great Kiskadee (trinitatis)
SCI Name: Pitangus sulphuratus trinitatis
trinitatis
Late L. Trinitas  the Holy Trinity  < L. trini  three together  < tres  three.
● Trinidad (Spanish Isla de la Trinidad  Island of the Holy Trinity) (syn. Coereba flaveola luteola, subsp. Colaptes rubiginosus, syn. Cyanerpes caeruleus longirostris, syn. Cyclarhis gujanensis flavipectus, Euphonia, subsp. Icterus nigrogularis, subsp. Manacus manacus, subsp. Myiopagis gaimardii, subsp. Pitangus sulphuratus, subsp. Pulsatrix perspicillata, subsp. Ramphocaenus melanurus, subsp. Sakesphorus canadensis, subsp. Synallaxis albescens, subsp. Tangara guttata, subsp. Zentrygon linearis).
● La Trinidad, Benguet, northern Luzon, Philippines (syn. Ficedula hyperythra luzoniensis).
● South Trinidade I. (= Trindade), Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean (subsp. Fregata ariel, syn. Pterodroma arminjoniana).
● El Valle de la Trinidad, Baja California, Mexico (subsp. Toxostoma crissale).

Great Kiskadee (caucensis)
SCI Name: Pitangus sulphuratus caucensis
caucensis
Río Cauca, Colombia.

Great Kiskadee (rufipennis)
SCI Name: Pitangus sulphuratus rufipennis
rufipenne / rufipennis
Mod. L. rufipennis  red-winged, red-feathered  < L. rufus  red, rufous;
-pennis  -winged  < penna  feather.
● ex “Roupenne” of Levaillant 1801, pll. 83-84  < French homophone roux  red; penne  large feather (syn. Onychognathus morio).

Great Kiskadee (sulphuratus)
SCI Name: Pitangus sulphuratus sulphuratus
sulphurata / sulphuratus
L. sulphuratus  sulphurated  < sulphur, sulphuris sulphur.
● ex “Grosbec du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of Brisson 1760 (Crithagra).
● ex “Pie-griesche jaune de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (Pitangus).

Great Kiskadee (maximiliani)
SCI Name: Pitangus sulphuratus maximiliani
maximiliani
● Maximilian I Joseph Count-Palatine of Zweibrücken Prince-Elector and King of Bavaria (1756-1825; reigned 1799-1825) (syn. Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus).
● Maj.-Gen. Maximilian Alexander Philipp Graf zu Wied-Neuwied and Prinz zu Wied (1782-1867) Prussian Army, collector, explorer in Brazil 1815-1817 and North America 1832-1834 (syn. Conopophaga melanops, syn. Laniocera hypopyrra, Melanopareia, ‡syn. Neomorphus geoffroyi (Laurent Raty in litt.), subsp. Pitangus sulphuratusPionus, syn. Riparia riparia, Sporophila (ex Fringilla crassirostris zu Wied, 1830), syn. Thraupis cyanocephala).
● Maximilian Josèph Eugéne Auguste Napoléon de Beauharnais (1817-1852) 3rd Duke of Leuchtenburg, 3rd Prince of Eichstätt, and Prince Romanovsky, husband to Grand Duchess Maria Nikolayevna of Russia (?syn. Trochilus sp.)

Great Kiskadee (bolivianus)
SCI Name: Pitangus sulphuratus bolivianus
boliviae / boliviana / bolivianum / bolivianus / boliviensis
Bolivia (named after Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) "The Liberator", Venezuelan revolutionary, who helped to expel the Spaniards from their South American empire).

Great Kiskadee (argentinus)
SCI Name: Pitangus sulphuratus argentinus
argentina / argentinae / argentinus
● Mod. L. argentinus  of silver, silvery  < L. argentum, argenti  silver (cf. Roman myth. Argentinus, god of silver) (Columba).
● Mod. L. Argentinus  Argentinian, of Argentina (subsp. Batara cinerea, subsp. Chlorospingus flavopectus, subsp. Cyanoloxia brissonii, subsp. Empidonax euleri, Melanopareia, subsp. Muscisaxicola cinereus, subsp. Myiothlypis bivittata, subsp. Pitangus sulphuratus, syn. Thamnophilus ruficapillus cochabambae, syn. Xiphocolaptes albicollis, syn. Zonotrichia capensis hypoleuca).