Green-tailed Jacamar / Galbula galbula

Green-tailed Jacamar / Galbula galbula

Green-tailed Jacamar

SCI Name:  Galbula galbula
Protonym:  Alcedo Galbula Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.182
Category:  Galbuliformes / Galbulidae /
Taxonomy Code:  grtjac1
Type Locality:  Cayenne and Brazil, i.e. Cayenne.)
Author:  
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

GALBULA
(Galbulidae; Green-tailed Jacamar G. galbula) L. galbulus  small yellowish bird, subsequently identified as a type of ‘woodpecker’ that builds a pendulous nest, and thus associated with the Golden Oriole  < dim. galbina small yellow bird  < galbus  oriole, yellow; "Le nom de galbula, transporté à ce genre, désignait chez les Latins le loriot [Oriolus]" (Lesson 1830); "Galbula. Genus 48.  ...  Le genre du Jacamar (1)  ...  (1) Jacamar, nom formé de Jacamaciri, qui est celui que les Brasiliens donnent à la premiere espece de ce genre  ...  Genus Galbulæ (1)  ...  (1) Galbula, nomen primæ hujus generis speciei a Moehringio inditum" (Brisson 1760): based on "Jacamaciri" of Marcgrave 1648, and Piso 1658, "Picus Brasiliensis" of Klein 1750, and "Galbula" of Moehring 1752; "Galbula Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 42; 4, p. 86. Type, by tautonymy, Galbula = Alcedo galbula Linné." (Peters, 1948, VI, p. 5).  
Synon. Auga, Caucalias, Chalcophanes, Psilopornis, Urocex, Urogalba.
• (Oriolidaesyn. Oriolus European Golden Oriole O. oriolus) Specific name Oriolus galbula Linnaeus, 1766 (= syn. Oriolus oriolus); "*393. GALBVLA. WILLVGS.  Rostrum rectum, attenuatum, subtetragonum. Lingua brevis. Digiti antici tres.  ORIOLVS Galbula LINN." (Scopoli 1777); "Galbula "Willughby" Scopoli, 1777, Introductio ad Historiam Naturalem, p. 480.  Type, by monotypy and tautonymy, Oriolus galbula Linnaeus, 1766 = Coracias oriolus Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2021).
Var. Galbulus.

galbula
L. galbulus  small yellowish bird, subsequently identified as a type of ‘woodpecker’ that builds a pendulous nest, and thus associated with the Golden Oriole < dim. galbina small yellow bird  < galbus  oriole, yellow.
● ex “Jacamaciri of Marcgrave” of Edwards 1751 (Galbula).
● “This gold-coloured bird I have only seen in Virginia and Maryland ... It is said to have its name from the Lord Baltimore’s Coat of Arms ... his Lordship being a proprietor in those countries ... Its nest is built in a particular manner, supported only by two twigs fixed to the verge of the nest, and hanging most commonly at the extremity of a bough” (Catesby 1731); 49. CORACIAS.  ...  Galbula.  4. C. fulva, capite dorso remigibusque nigris.  Icterus ex aureo nigroque varius. Catesb. car. I. p. 48. t. 48.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Icterus).

GALBULA
(Galbulidae; Green-tailed Jacamar G. galbula) L. galbulus  small yellowish bird, subsequently identified as a type of ‘woodpecker’ that builds a pendulous nest, and thus associated with the Golden Oriole  < dim. galbina small yellow bird  < galbus  oriole, yellow; "Le nom de galbula, transporté à ce genre, désignait chez les Latins le loriot [Oriolus]" (Lesson 1830); "Galbula. Genus 48.  ...  Le genre du Jacamar (1)  ...  (1) Jacamar, nom formé de Jacamaciri, qui est celui que les Brasiliens donnent à la premiere espece de ce genre  ...  Genus Galbulæ (1)  ...  (1) Galbula, nomen primæ hujus generis speciei a Moehringio inditum" (Brisson 1760): based on "Jacamaciri" of Marcgrave 1648, and Piso 1658, "Picus Brasiliensis" of Klein 1750, and "Galbula" of Moehring 1752; "Galbula Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 42; 4, p. 86. Type, by tautonymy, Galbula = Alcedo galbula Linné." (Peters, 1948, VI, p. 5).  
Synon. Auga, Caucalias, Chalcophanes, Psilopornis, Urocex, Urogalba.
• (Oriolidaesyn. Oriolus European Golden Oriole O. oriolus) Specific name Oriolus galbula Linnaeus, 1766 (= syn. Oriolus oriolus); "*393. GALBVLA. WILLVGS.  Rostrum rectum, attenuatum, subtetragonum. Lingua brevis. Digiti antici tres.  ORIOLVS Galbula LINN." (Scopoli 1777); "Galbula "Willughby" Scopoli, 1777, Introductio ad Historiam Naturalem, p. 480.  Type, by monotypy and tautonymy, Oriolus galbula Linnaeus, 1766 = Coracias oriolus Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2021).
Var. Galbulus.

galbula
L. galbulus  small yellowish bird, subsequently identified as a type of ‘woodpecker’ that builds a pendulous nest, and thus associated with the Golden Oriole < dim. galbina small yellow bird  < galbus  oriole, yellow.
● ex “Jacamaciri of Marcgrave” of Edwards 1751 (Galbula).
● “This gold-coloured bird I have only seen in Virginia and Maryland ... It is said to have its name from the Lord Baltimore’s Coat of Arms ... his Lordship being a proprietor in those countries ... Its nest is built in a particular manner, supported only by two twigs fixed to the verge of the nest, and hanging most commonly at the extremity of a bough” (Catesby 1731); 49. CORACIAS.  ...  Galbula.  4. C. fulva, capite dorso remigibusque nigris.  Icterus ex aureo nigroque varius. Catesb. car. I. p. 48. t. 48.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Icterus).