Ground Woodpecker / Geocolaptes olivaceus

Ground Woodpecker / Geocolaptes olivaceus

Ground Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Geocolaptes olivaceus
Protonym:  Picus olivaceus Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.431
Taxonomy:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  growoo1
Type Locality:  Cape of Good Hope.
Publish Year:  1788
IUCN Status:  


(Picidae; Ϯ Ground Woodpecker G. olivaceus) Gr. γεω- geō-  ground-  < γη gē  earth; genus Colaptes Vigors, 1826, flicker (< Gr. κολαπτης kolaptēs  chiseller); "GENUS, Colaptes, SWAINS.   ...   Only one species of this group has yet been found in Africa; it is the Pic Laboureur of Le Vaillant, described by Mr. Burchell, in his Travels, under the specific name of terrestris, — a prior designation to that of arator, of which M. Cuvier was not aware. Mr. Burchell very judiciously considers it the type of a sub-genus, named by him, in his MSS, Geocolaptes." (Swainson 1832); "Geocolaptes Burchell MS. Swainson, in Swainson and Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Amer., 2, 1831 (1832), p. 315, note.  Type, by original designation and monotypy, Picus terrestris Burchell = Picus olivaceus Gmelin." (Peters, 1948, VI, pp. 99-100).
Synon. Agripicus.

olivaceum / olivaceus
Mod. L. olivaceus  olive-green, olivaceous  < L. oliva  olive.
● ex “Merle olive des grandes Indes” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 564, fig. 1 (syn. Acritillas indica).
● ex “Oliva” of Levaillant 1801, pl. 75 (Chlorophoneus).
● ex “Crimson-breasted Woodpecker” of Latham 1782 (Geocolaptes).
● ex “Troupiale olive de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 606, fig. 2, and “Cayenne Olive Oriole” of Latham 1782 (?syn. Icterus auricapillus).
● ex “White-cheeked Crow” of Latham 1801 (Psophodes).
● ex “Perroquet de l’isle de Luçon” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 287, “Perruche aux ailes chamarées” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Lace-winged Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (syn. Tanygnathus lucionensis).
● ex "Bruant de S. Domingue" of Brisson 1760 (Tiaris).
● ex “Merle olive du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of Brisson 1760 (Turdus).
● ex “Red-ey’d Fly-catcher” of Catesby 1731, “Muscicapa olivacea” of Edwards 1758, and “Muscicapa jamaicensis” of Brisson 1760 (Vireo).
● ex “Grimpereau olive de Madagascar” of Brisson 1760 (Zosterops).
● ex “Merula olivacea indica” of Brisson 1760 (unident.).