Hartlaub’s Gull / Chroicocephalus hartlaubii

Hartlaub\'s Gull / Chroicocephalus hartlaubii

Hartlaub's Gull

SCI Name:  Chroicocephalus hartlaubii
Protonym:  Larus (Gavia) Hartlaubii J.Orn. 3 no.16 p.286
Taxonomy:  Charadriiformes / Laridae /
Taxonomy Code:  hargul1
Type Locality:  Cape of Good Hope and the Indian coasts.
Publish Year:  1853
IUCN Status:  


(Laridae; syn. Larus  Black-headed Gull L. ridibundus) Gr. χρωικος khrōikos  coloured  < χρωζω khrōzō  to colour, to stain; -κεφαλος  -kephalos  -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head; "SUB GENUS 3.  CHROICOCEPHALUS.  Nobis  Sp. 1. C. CAPISTRATUS.  TemminckSyn. Larus Capistratus, Temm. Jenyns.  Mouette a Mosque [sic] Brun, Temm.  Brown-headed Gull, Eyton.   Sp. 2. C. RIDIBUNDUS. LinnæusSyn. Larus Ridibundus, Lath. Shaw, Linn. Gmel.  L. Cinerarius Linn. Gmel.  Gavia Ridibunda Phænicopos, Briss.  L. Cinereus, Ray. Will.  La Mouette Rieuse ou à Capuchon Brun, Temm.  Le Mouette Rieuse, and Le Petite Mouette Cendrée, Buff.  Black-headed Gull, and Red-legged Gull, Penn. Lath. Bewick.   Sp. 3. C. MINUTUS. PallasSyn. Larus Minutus, Pall. Gmel. Shaw, Temm.  L. Atricilloides, Gmel.   Mouette Pygmiée [sic], Temm.  Little Gull, English Authors." (Eyton 1836); "Chroicocephalus for a new subgenus under Larus, Linn., for the reception of such gulls as have the tarsi slender, thighs considerably denuded, hind toe very small, head only, or head and upper part of neck, dark-coloured in the summer state of plumage   ...   derived from two Greek words, κροικος, coloured, and κεφαλη, head; signifying that the birds classed under that name have coloured heads" (Eyton per Wharton 1878); "Chroicocephalus Eyton, Hist. Rar. Brit. Bds., Cat., p. 53, 1836—type, by subs. desig. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., p. 79, 1840), Larus capistratus Temminck = Larus ridibundus Linnaeus." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1948, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (3), p. 253).
Var. Chroecocephalus, Chroeocephalus, Chroiococephalus, Chroiocephalus, Chraeococephalus, Chraecocephalus, Chroocephalus, Croicocephalus, Kroikocephalus, Kroicocephalus, Krokocephalus.

hartlaubia / hartlaubii
Carl Johann Gustav Hartlaub (1814-1900) German ornithologist, collector (syn. Accipiter erythropus, Anabathmis, syn. Campephaga flava, syn. Cisticola marginatus, syn. Crithagra mozambica caniceps (ex Crithagra chrysopyga Hartlaub, 1857), subsp. Dendropicos fuscescens, syn. Eubucco bourcierii, syn. Falcipennis falcipennis (ex Tetrao falcipennis Hartlaub, 1855), LarusLissotis, syn. Mandingoa nitidula, subsp. Onychognathus fulgidus, Pteronetta, Turdoides).