Inca Tern / Larosterna inca

Inca Tern / Larosterna inca

Inca Tern

SCI Name:  Larosterna inca
Protonym:  Sterna Inca Voy.Coq. Atlas pl.47
Taxonomy:  Charadriiformes / Laridae /
Taxonomy Code:  incter1
Type Locality:  Lima, Peru.
Publish Year:  1827
IUCN Status:  


(Laridae; Ϯ Inca Tern L. inca) Portmanteau of genera Larus Linnaeus, 1758, gull, and Sterna Linnaeus, 1758, tern; from its large size and bill, dark plumage, and forked tail the Inca Tern was considered intermediate between the gulls and the terns; "Genus LAROSTERNA, Blyth.   1717.  L. INCA (Voy. de la Coquille, pl. 47).   SYN. Sterna inca, Lesson.   HAB. Chili." (Blyth 1852); "Larosterna Blyth, Cat. Bds. Mus. As. Soc., 1849 (1852), p. 293. Type, by monotypy, Sterna inca Lesson." (Peters 1934, II, 344). 
Synon. Inca, Naenia, Noddi, Sternolophota.

Inca, the pre-conquest peoples of Peru and Bolivia (epithet generally given to species described from or found in those countries) (Coeligena, subsp. Geospizopsis unicolor, syn. Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus, Larosterna, syn. Leptopogon taczanowskii, subsp. Paraclaravis mondetoura, syn. Psarocolius viridis (ex “Cassique vert de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 328), subsp. Ramphastos cuvieri, syn. Rupornis magnirostris occiduusScardafella (here the epithet aztec (i.e. Mexican) would be more accurate), subsp. Tangara fulvicervix).

(syn. Larosterna Ϯ Inca Tern L. inca) Specific name Sterna inca Lesson, 1827; "INCA MYSTICALIS, JARDINE.  ...  Type, Sterna inca, Less.  ...  We do not advocate the multiplication of genera, particularly in a group numbering only from eighty to ninety species; but we do think that this bird has claims stronger and more peculiar than some others; and if by any ornithologists it is thought worthy of a subgeneric separation, we have drawn its characters under the title of Inca. We consider it a most interesting form, drawing closer the alliance between the Laridæ and Pelicanidæ; for wherever we place Phäeton, whether with the first or last, this bird is the intermediate step; and we may also think that we see the white lengthened feathers, occurring during the breeding season in many of the Cormorants, repeated in the beautiful white plumes of Inca mysticalis." (Jardine 1850); "Inca (not of Lepeletier and Serville, 1825) Jardine, Contr. Orn., 1850, p. 33—type, by tautonymy, Sterna inca Lesson and Garnot." (Hellmayr & Conover 1948, XIII, 329).