Indian Skimmer / Rynchops albicollis

Indian Skimmer / Rynchops albicollis

Indian Skimmer

SCI Name:  Rynchops albicollis
Protonym:  Rhynchops albicollis Anim.Menag. p.360
Category:  Charadriiformes / Laridae /
Taxonomy Code:  indski1
Type Locality:  India.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1838
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

RYNCHOPS
(Rynchopidae; Ϯ Black Skimmer R. niger) Gr. ῥυγχος rhunkhos  bill; κοπτω koptō  to cut off;"the upper mandible being as if cut" (Pennant 1773); the skimmers use their specialised bills to skim through the water surface for food; "71. RYNCHOPS.  Rostrum rectum: mandibula superiore multo breviore.  ...  Genus proxima affinitate Laris junctum." (Linnaeus 1758): based on "Cut Water" of Catesby 1731, "Rygchopsalia" of Barrère 1745, and "Plotus rostro conico inæquali" of Klein 1750; "Rynchops Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 138. Type, by monotypy, Rynchops nigra Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 349).  Linnaeus's Rynchops comprised two forms (R. nigra, R. fulva). 
Var. Rhynchops, Rhincops, Rhinchops, Rhijncops, Rhyncops.
Synon. Anisoramphos, Phalacrocorax, Psalidoramphos, Rygchopsalia.

albicolle / albicollis
L. albus white; Mod. L. -collis -necked, -throated < L. collum neck.
● ex “Gavilan de estero chorreado” (= ☼) of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 12 (syn. Circus buffoni).
● ex “South-Sea Raven” of Latham 1787 (Corvus).
● ex “Ficedula dominicensis. Figuier de S. Domingue” of Brisson 1760, “Figuier à gorge blanche” of de Buffon 1760-1783, and “St Domingo Warbler” of Latham 1783 (subsp. Dendroica petechia).
● ex “Suirirí chorreado sin roxo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 186 (syn. Legatus leucophaius).
● ex “Guêpier à Gorge Blanche” or “Guêpier Cuvier”of Levaillant 1807 (Merops).
● ex “White-throated Goatsucker” of Latham 1783 (Nyctidromus).
● ex “Cravatte Blanche” of Levaillant 1804, pl. 115 (syn. Pachycephala pectoralis).
● ex “Ypacahá aplomado y pardo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 374 (Porzana).
● ex “White-necked Falcon” of Latham 1787 (Pseudastur).
● ex “Cravatte Blanche” of Levaillant 1802 (Streptocitta).
ex “Courlis à col blanc de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 976, “Grand Courlis de Cayenne” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “White-necked Ibis” of Latham 1785 (syn. Theristicus caudatus).
● ex “White-throated Sparrow” of Edwards 1760 (Zonotrichia).