Ivory-billed Woodcreeper / Xiphorhynchus flavigaster

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper / Xiphorhynchus flavigaster

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper

SCI Name:  Xiphorhynchus flavigaster
Protonym:  Xiphorhynchus flavigaster Philos.Mag.n.s. n.s., 1 p.440
Category:  Passeriformes / Furnariidae /
Taxonomy Code:  ivbwoo1
Type Locality:  Temescaltepec, Mexico. 2
Author:  
Publish Year:  1827
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

XIPHORHYNCHUS
(Furnariidae; Ivory-billed Woodcreeper X. flavigaster) Gr. ξιφος xiphos  sword; ῥυγχος rhunkhos  bill; "G. XIPHORHYNCHUS.  Swains. in Zool. Journ. No. 10.   85. Xiphorhynchus leucogaster.  ...  bill one inch and a half long, slender, pale, the upper mandible brown.  ...   86. Xiphorhynchus flavigaster.  ...  bill long, strong, brown, slightly curved." (Swainson 1827); "Xiphorhynchus Swainson, Philos. Mag. (n.s.), 1, June, 1827, p. 440.  Type, by subsequent designation, Xiphorhynchus flavigaster Swainson (Oberholser, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 48, 1905, p. 52)." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 36).
Var. Xiphorynchus, Xyphorhynchus, Ziphorhynchus, Ziphorynchus.
Synon. Dendrornis, Picolaptes, Talapius, Thripobrotus.
• (Furnariidaesyn. Campylorhamphus † Black-billed Scythebill C. falcularius) "XIPHORHYNCHUSRostrum gracile, elongatum, compressissimum, falcatum, immarginatum.  Bill slender, long, much compressed, falcated and entire.  Type. Dend. procurvus. Temm., Pl. col.. 28.   By this form, the passage is marked from Dendrocolaptes to Certhia.  The species appear numerous.  I possess four from Brazil, and three from Mexico." (Swainson 1827); "Xiphorhynchus (not of SWAINSON, June 1827) SWAINSON, Zool. Journ., 3, No. 11, p. 334, Sept.-Dec. 1827—type by orig. desig. Dendrocolaptes procurvus TEMMINCK [= Dendrocopus falcularius Vieillot]." (Hellmayr, 1925, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IV, p. 339).

flavigasta / flavigaster / flavigastra
L. flavus  yellow, golden-yellow; gaster, gasteris  belly.
● ex “Merle à gorge noire de Saint-Domingue” (= ☼) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 559 (syn. Icterus dominicensis).
● ex “Golondrina de la vientre amarillazo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 306 (syn. Stelgidopteryx ruficollis).

SUBSPECIES

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper (tardus)
SCI Name: Xiphorhynchus flavigaster tardus
tardus
L. tardus slow, heavy.

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper (mentalis)
SCI Name: Xiphorhynchus flavigaster mentalis
mentale / mentalis
Mod. L. mentalis  pertaining to the chin  < French mental of the chin  < L. mentum  chin (cf. Late L. mentalis  of the mind  < L. mens, mentis  mind).
● ex “Langrayen de Viti” of Hombron & Jacquinot 1843 (Artamus).

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper (flavigaster)
SCI Name: Xiphorhynchus flavigaster flavigaster
flavigasta / flavigaster / flavigastra
L. flavus  yellow, golden-yellow; gaster, gasteris  belly.
● ex “Merle à gorge noire de Saint-Domingue” (= ☼) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 559 (syn. Icterus dominicensis).
● ex “Golondrina de la vientre amarillazo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 306 (syn. Stelgidopteryx ruficollis).

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper (saltuarius)
SCI Name: Xiphorhynchus flavigaster saltuarius
saltuarius
L. saltuarius  forester, ranger  < saltus  glade, woodland-pasture.

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper (ascensor)
SCI Name: Xiphorhynchus flavigaster ascensor
ascensor
L. ascensor, ascensoris  one that ascends  < ascendere  to ascend.

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper (yucatanensis)
SCI Name: Xiphorhynchus flavigaster yucatanensis
yucatanensis / yucatanica / yucatanicus
Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico/Guatemala.

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper (eburneirostris)
SCI Name: Xiphorhynchus flavigaster eburneirostris
eburneirostris
L. eburneus  ivory-coloured  < ebur, eboris  ivory; -rostris  -billed  < rostrum  beak.

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper (ultimus)
SCI Name: Xiphorhynchus flavigaster ultimus
ultima / ultimum / ultimus
L. ultimus  finally, farthest, end, extreme, greatest  < super. ultra  farther, beyond.
● TL. Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina (subsp. Geospizopsis unicolor).
● “Bryan [1917] named the species ultima because he was sure it was the last endemic Hawaiian bird that would be discovered” (Munro 1960) (Telespiza).