Kittlitz’s Plover / Charadrius pecuarius

Kittlitz\'s Plover / Charadrius pecuarius

Kittlitz's Plover

SCI Name:  Charadrius pecuarius
Protonym:  Charadrius pecuarius Pl.Col. livr.31 pl.183
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  kitplo1
Type Locality:  Cape of Good Hope.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1823
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHARADRIUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

pecuarius
L. pecuarius  grazier, of cattle  < pecu, pecuum  cattle, herd.

Pecuarius
(syn. Pastor Ϯ Rose-coloured Starling P. roseus) L. pecuarius  of cattle  < pecu, pecuum  cattle, herd; "MARTIN. - PASTOR.  ...  On m'a fait, non sans quelque fondement, la remarque que le nom de Pastor est vicieux; j'en conviens: mais en portant la même critique sévère sur tant d'autres dénominations génériques, il en faudrait supprimer un bon nombre. Si ce nom déplait, on pourrait rendre le sens du mot par Pecuarius. M. Brehm en fait Boscis" (Temminck 1835).