Large-headed Flatbill / Ramphotrigon megacephalum

Large-headed Flatbill / Ramphotrigon megacephalum

Large-headed Flatbill

SCI Name:  Ramphotrigon megacephalum
Protonym:  Tyrannula megacephala Orn.Drawings 4 pl.47
Category:  Passeriformes / Tyrannidae /
Taxonomy Code:  lahfla2
Type Locality:  Brazil; restricted to Sao Paulo by Hellmayr, 1903, Verb. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 53, p. 206.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1835
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

RAMPHOTRIGON
(Tyrannidae; Ϯ Rufous-tailed Flatbill R. ruficauda) Gr. ῥαμφος rhamphos  bill; τριγωνον trigōnon  triangle  < τρεις treis, τριων triōn  three; γωνια gōnia  angle; "Rostro trigono, supra subtusque plano, latiore quam longiore, praecipue maxilla inferiore plana, lata" (von Spix 1825); "APPENDIX.  ...  808 d. (2343.) RAMPHOTRIGON, Pr. B. 1854.  (Platyrhynchus ruficaudus, Spix.)" (G. Gray 1855).
Var. Ramphotrigron.

megacephalum
Gr. μεγας megas  great; -κεφαλος -kephalos  -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head.

Megacephalon
(syn. Macrocephalon Ϯ Maleo M. maleo) Gr. μεγας megas  great;
-κεφαλος -kephalos  -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head; "The GREAT-HEADED MALEO.  MEGACEPHALON maleo, Temm." (G. Gray 1844).  Var. Megacephala, Megacephaloma, Megacephalum.

SUBSPECIES

Large-headed Flatbill (venezuelense)
SCI Name: Ramphotrigon megacephalum venezuelense
venezuelae / venezuelana / venezuelanus / venezuelense / venezuelensis
Venezuela (Italian Venezuola, a diminutive of Venezia Venice, alluding to native houses on stilts in the waters of Lake Maracaibo).

Large-headed Flatbill (pectorale)
SCI Name: Ramphotrigon megacephalum pectorale
pectorale / pectoralis
L. pectoralis  of the breast, pectoral  < pectus, pectoris  breast.
● ex “Engoulevent à collier” of Levaillant 1806 (Caprimulgus).
● ex “Janfréderic” of Levaillant 1801-1804, pl. 111 (syn. Cossypha caffra).
● ex “Austral Quail” of Latham 1823 (Coturnix).
● ex “Gold-breasted Manakin” of Latham 1801 (Euphonia).
● ex “Petit Merle brun à gorge rousse de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 644, fig. 2, and “Yellow-breasted Thrush” of Latham 1785 (syn. Gymnopithys rufigula).
● ex “Red-breasted Snipe” of Montagu 1813 (syn. Limnodromus griseus).
● ex “Black-breasted Flycatcher” of Latham 1787 (Pachycephala).
● ex “Mbatuitui pecho listado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 389 (syn. Pluvialis dominica).
● ex “Tachurí pecho amarillo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 165 (Polystictus).
● ex “Black-breasted Grosbeak” of Latham 1783 (syn. Sporophila americana).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (artefact).
● ex “Hausse-Col Noir” of Levaillant 1802, pl. 110 (artefact).

Large-headed Flatbill (bolivianum)
SCI Name: Ramphotrigon megacephalum bolivianum
boliviae / boliviana / bolivianum / bolivianus / boliviensis
Bolivia (named after Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) "The Liberator", Venezuelan revolutionary, who helped to expel the Spaniards from their South American empire).

Large-headed Flatbill (megacephalum)
SCI Name: Ramphotrigon megacephalum megacephalum
megacephalum
Gr. μεγας megas  great; -κεφαλος -kephalos  -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head.