Madanga / Madanga ruficollis

Madanga / Madanga ruficollis


SCI Name:  Madanga ruficollis
Protonym:  Madanga ruficollis Bull.Br.Orn.Club 43 p.118
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Motacillidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rtweye1
Type Locality:  Wa Fehat, 2,700 ft., Buru.
Publish Year:  1923
IUCN Status:  


(Motacillidae; Ϯ Madanga M. ruficollis) Madang Mts., Buru, Moluccas; "Madanga, gen. nov.  Apparently nearest to Zosterops, but wing and tail comparatively much longer; rectrices not square, but pointed.  No ring of white short feathers round eye.  First primary tiny, outwardly not visible, second (first developed) longer than sixth or as long as the latter (in Zosterops, as a rule, much shorter, though not in the Australian Z. lateralis (cœrulescens auct.)).  Wing even longer than in the much longer Z. strenua from Lord Howe's Island.  Toes long, claws fairly strong, especially hind claw, middle toe with claw as long as tarsus.  Coloration strikingly different from any Zosterops or ally.  Sexes alike in colour.   Type, Madanga ruficollis.    Madanga ruficollis, sp. nov.  ...  Hab. Mountain Range called Madang, Mada, Fogha, or Gunong Tomahu, 5000 to 2700 feet." (Rothschild & Hartert 1923); "Madanga Rothschild and Hartert, 1923, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 43, p. 117. Type, by monotypy [= by original designation], M. ruficollis Rothschild and Hartert." (Mayr in Peters 1967, XII, 321).  Recent work has shown that the Madanga, formerly treated as a white-eye Zosteropidae, is a forest-adapted member of the Motacillidae very closely related to Anthus, and may even belong in that genus.

Mod. L. ruficollis  red-necked, rufous-necked  < L. rufus  red, ruddy, rufous; Mod. L. -collis  -necked, -throated  < L. collum  neck.
● ex “Black-bellied Gallinule” of Latham 1785 (syn. Aramides cajanea).
● ex “Rufous-throated Tanager” of Latham 1783 (syn. Euneornis campestris).
● ex “Pica flores pecho de cañela” and “Pica flores pecho de topacio” of de Azara 1802-1805, nos. 290, 291 (syn. Hylocharis chrysura).
● ex "Cola aguda cola de canela obscura" of de Azara, no. 240 (syn. Phacellodomus sibilatrix).
● ex “Red-necked Grebe” of Latham 1785 (syn. Podiceps grisegena).
 ex “Rufous-throated Tanager” of Latham 1785 (subsp. Pyrrhulagra violacea).
● ex “Fringilla ruficollis” of Lichtenstein MS (syn. Sporophila ruficollis).