Mitred Parakeet / Psittacara mitratus

Mitred Parakeet / Psittacara mitratus

Mitred Parakeet

SCI Name:  Psittacara mitratus
Protonym:  Conurus mitratus Arch.Naturgesch. 10 p.304
Category:  Psittaciformes / Psittacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  mitpar
Type Locality:  Peru ; Chanchamayo Valley suggested by Zimmer, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 17, 1930, p. 263.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1844
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PSITTACARA
(Psittacidae; Ϯ White-eyed Parakeet P. leucophthalmus) Portmanteau of genera Psittacula Cuvier, 1800, parakeet, and Ara de Lacépède, 1799, macaw; "These birds, although their cheeks are covered with feathers and they are thus brought within the circle of the Parrakeets, have yet the bill of the Maccaws  ... From their osculant situation between the two groups, thus strikingly apparent, the species that exhibit these characters have received the familiar name of Parrakeet-Maccaws in our language, and of Perruche-Aras among the French Ornithologists. Like the true Maccaws they are exclusively natives of the New World. Two species, lately added to our collections in this country, and which appear to me to be new to science, afford me an opportunity of characterizing this interesting group, which from its intermediate station between the two subfamilies, and with a reference to the trivial name already bestowed upon it, I shall denominate PSITTACARA.  ...  The Psittacus Guianensis of Linnaeus, the Perruche-Ara Pavouane of M. Le Vaillant [Pl. 14. 15] may be selected as the type of this genus" (Vigors 1825).
Var. Psittacaria, Psittacarus.
Synon. Evopsitta, Maracana, Protoconurus, Thectocercus.

mitrata / mitratus
L. mitratus  crowned, mitred, turbanned  < mitra  head-dress  < Gr. μιτρα mitra  head-band.
● ex “Hooded Titmouse” of Catesby 1731, “Parus carolinensis torquatus” of Brisson 1760, “Gobe-mouche de la Louisiane” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 666, fig. 2, “Mésange à collier de la Caroline” of de Buffon 1770-1783, “Gobe-mouche citrin de la Louisiane” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Hooded Warbler” of Latham 1783 and Pennant 1785 (syn. Cardellina citrina).
● ex “Tangara à tête rousse de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 290, fig. 1 (syn. Tangara cayana).

SUBSPECIES

Mitred Parakeet (Mitred)
SCI Name: Psittacara mitratus [mitratus Group]
PSITTACARA
(Psittacidae; Ϯ White-eyed Parakeet P. leucophthalmus) Portmanteau of genera Psittacula Cuvier, 1800, parakeet, and Ara de Lacépède, 1799, macaw; "These birds, although their cheeks are covered with feathers and they are thus brought within the circle of the Parrakeets, have yet the bill of the Maccaws  ... From their osculant situation between the two groups, thus strikingly apparent, the species that exhibit these characters have received the familiar name of Parrakeet-Maccaws in our language, and of Perruche-Aras among the French Ornithologists. Like the true Maccaws they are exclusively natives of the New World. Two species, lately added to our collections in this country, and which appear to me to be new to science, afford me an opportunity of characterizing this interesting group, which from its intermediate station between the two subfamilies, and with a reference to the trivial name already bestowed upon it, I shall denominate PSITTACARA.  ...  The Psittacus Guianensis of Linnaeus, the Perruche-Ara Pavouane of M. Le Vaillant [Pl. 14. 15] may be selected as the type of this genus" (Vigors 1825).
Var. Psittacaria, Psittacarus.
Synon. Evopsitta, Maracana, Protoconurus, Thectocercus.

Mitred Parakeet (Chapman's)
SCI Name: Psittacara mitratus alticola
alticola
L. altus  high (i.e. highland, mountain)  < alere  to nourish; -cola  dweller  < colere  to inhabit.
● Erroneous TL. Fife, N.E. Rhodesia, near Nyasaland border (= Isoka, Northern Rhodesia / Zambia); "Cisticola alticola  ...  Not a Cisticola (cf. steeply graduated tail of long narrow feathers; broad-based, fine-pointed first primary; lores coloured with head-top, &c.), but nearer Apalis and allies." (Lynes 1930) (Apalis).