Protonym: Otus bakkamoena nigrorum Nat.Hist.Misc.[Chicago] no.72 p.1-5
Taxonomy: Strigiformes / Strigidae / Otus
Taxonomy Code: negsco1
Publish Year: 1950
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
(Strigidae; Ϯ Indian Scops Owl O. bakkamoena) L. otus small eared owl < Gr. ωτος ōtos eared owl; "III. OTUS BAKKAMOENA. The Little Horn Owl. THIS elegant species is found in Ceylon, is called there Bakkamoena, and is a scarce species even in that island. It is represented of its natural size. The irides are scarlet: the horns take their origin from the base of the bill, and point to the sides of the head: on their inner side they are dusky, on their exterior white. The bill is dusky, surrounded with long bristles: the circle of feathers round the eyes is of a very pale ash-color: the external circle of a yellowish brown. The head of a deep ash-color: the back dusky: coverts of the wings grey, marked with narrow lines of black, pointing downwards: the quil feathers regularly barred with black and white: the breast buff-colored, marked with small sagittal black spots: the legs feathered half way down: the naked part of a reddish yellow." (Pennant 1769); "Otus Pennant, Indian Zool., 1769, p. 3. Type, by monotypy, Otus bakkamoena Pennant." (Peters 1940, IV, 86).
Synon. Acnemis, Athenoptera, Ephialtes, Gymnoscops, Heteroscops, Lempijius, Pisorhina, Scops, Scototheres, Zorca.
L. otus eared owl < Gr. ωτος ōtos eared owl; "42. STRIX. ... Otus. 4. S. capite auriculato pennis senis. Faun. svec. 47. Otus s. Asio. Bell. av. 25. 6. Aldr. orn. 1. 8. c. 3. Will. ornith. 64. t. 12. Raj. av. 25. Frisch. av. t. 99. Alb. av. 2.. p. 10. t. 10. Habitat in Europa. Cristæ auritæ albidæ fasciis sex fuscis." (Linnaeus 1758) (Asio).
● Mod. L. Nigrorum of Negros, Philippines; the island was named Isla de Negros by the Spaniards because of its dark-skinned inhabitants < L. niger black.
● Mod. L. Terra Nigrorum land of the negroes (i.e. West Africa); "Alseonax cinereus nigrorum nom. nov. versus A. cinereus cinerascens (Sharpe). Muscicapa cinerascens Sharpe, Cat. B. Brit. Mus. iv, p. 155 (1879 - Gold Coast), nec Spix, Aves Bras. ii, p. 16, pl. xii (1825)" (Collin & Hartert 1927) (subsp. Fraseria caerulescens).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)