Northern Barred-Woodcreeper / Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae

Northern Barred-Woodcreeper / Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae

Northern Barred-Woodcreeper

SCI Name:  Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae
Protonym:  Dendrocops Sancti-Thomoe Rev.Mag.Zool.(2), 4 p.466
Category:  Passeriformes / Furnariidae /
Taxonomy Code:  nobwoo1
Type Locality:  'In Sancti-Thomae Insula,'' error = Santo Tomas, near Omoa, Honduras.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1852
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

DENDROCOLAPTES
(Furnariidae;  Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper D. certhia) Gr. δενδροκολαπτης dendrokolaptēs  woodpecker  < δενδρον dendron  tree; κολαπτω kolaptō  to peck; "DENDROCOLAPTES. Nobis.  Rostrum vel incurvum vel rectum, basi nudum.  Lingua . . .  Pedes ambulatorii, digito posteriore modico.  Rectricum rhachis in setam producta.  Pic-Grimperau, Buffon T. VII. Victus moresque prorsus pici.  Major species rostro valido, mandibula superiore fornicata, subcurvata. Color fuscus.     Le Picucule de Cayenne. Pl. enlum. 621.  Minor species, rostro mediocri, rectissimo, acuto, dorso caudaque castaneis, capite, collo, ventreque nigris, albo-maculatis, more corvi caryocatactis.   Le Talapiot de Cayenne. Pl. enlum. t. 605.  Genus difficulter determinatur. Inter picum, sittam, certhiam intermedium.  Apud Gmelinum in Syst. Nat. hucusque non reperi." (Hermann 1804); "GENUS 24.  DENDROCOLAPTES Herrmann.  (Holzhauer Germ.  Pic-grimpereau Gall.)  ...  Species: Gracula Cayennensis, Oriolus Picus  LinGmel." (Illiger 1811); "The Genus Dendrocolaptes of Illiger [1811, Prodromus Syst. Mamm. Av., p. 212] (the Picacule of the French) have, in all the species I found in South America, precisely the same manners and habits as the Pici, climbing the trees with even greater facility, although their feet are those termed ambulatorii.  The type of this excellent genus is Gracula cayennensis of Linnæus.  M. Viellot [sic], some years after, without taking any notice of the previous distinction given these birds by Illiger, calls their genus Dendrocopus, a name evidently borrowed from Illiger; nor is this the only plagiarism committed by an ornithologist whose intrinsic merit requires no such dubious aid to increase his fame." (Swainson 1821); "Dendrocolaptes HERMANN, Observ. Zool, p. 135, 1804— type by subs. desig. (SWAINSON, Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc., 3, p. 292, 1821) "Gracula cayennensis, of LINNAEUS" [= GMELIN] = Picus certhia BODDAERT." (Hellmayr, 1925, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IV, 259); "Dendrocolaptes Hermann, Observ. Zool., 1804, p. 135.  Type, by subsequent designation, "D. Cayanensis (Gm.), Pl. enl. 621" = Picus certhia Boddaert (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 18).1   ...   1 Swainson's earlier designation of the same species as the type is invalid, since he credits the genus to Illiger, 1811." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 31).  Under current Rules this is an incorrect conclusion (Laurent Raty in litt.)
Var. Dendrocaleptes, Dendrocalaptes.
Synon. Dendrocops, Dendrocopus, Orthocolaptes, Premnocopus.

dendrocolaptes
Gr. δενδροκολαπτης dendrokolaptēs  woodpecker  < δενδρον dendron  tree; κολαπτω kolaptō  to peck.

sanctithomae
Late L. sanctus  saint  < L. sanctus  holy  < sancire  to consecrate; Thomas Thomas.
● Erroneous TL. Island of St Thomas (= Brazilian Amazons); ex “Petite Perruche de l’île Saint-Thomas” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 456, fig. 1 (Brotogeris).
● St Thomas, Virgin Is., West Indies (subsp. Coereba flaveola).
● Erroneous TL. São Thomé I. (West Africa) (= Santo Tomás, Guatemala) (Dendrocolaptes).
● São Tomé; "Sycobius St-Thomæ, nob.  ...  Hab. l'île St-Thomé" (Hartlaub 1848) (Ploceus).
● São Tomé; ex “Wild pigeon from S. Thomas island” of Ray 1713, “Columba viridis insulae S. Thomae” of Brisson 1760, “Pigeon vert de l’Île de Saint-Thomas” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “S. Thomas’s Pigeon” of Latham 1781 (Treron).

SUBSPECIES

Northern Barred-Woodcreeper (Western)
SCI Name: Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae [sanctithomae Group]
DENDROCOLAPTES
(Furnariidae;  Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper D. certhia) Gr. δενδροκολαπτης dendrokolaptēs  woodpecker  < δενδρον dendron  tree; κολαπτω kolaptō  to peck; "DENDROCOLAPTES. Nobis.  Rostrum vel incurvum vel rectum, basi nudum.  Lingua . . .  Pedes ambulatorii, digito posteriore modico.  Rectricum rhachis in setam producta.  Pic-Grimperau, Buffon T. VII. Victus moresque prorsus pici.  Major species rostro valido, mandibula superiore fornicata, subcurvata. Color fuscus.     Le Picucule de Cayenne. Pl. enlum. 621.  Minor species, rostro mediocri, rectissimo, acuto, dorso caudaque castaneis, capite, collo, ventreque nigris, albo-maculatis, more corvi caryocatactis.   Le Talapiot de Cayenne. Pl. enlum. t. 605.  Genus difficulter determinatur. Inter picum, sittam, certhiam intermedium.  Apud Gmelinum in Syst. Nat. hucusque non reperi." (Hermann 1804); "GENUS 24.  DENDROCOLAPTES Herrmann.  (Holzhauer Germ.  Pic-grimpereau Gall.)  ...  Species: Gracula Cayennensis, Oriolus Picus  LinGmel." (Illiger 1811); "The Genus Dendrocolaptes of Illiger [1811, Prodromus Syst. Mamm. Av., p. 212] (the Picacule of the French) have, in all the species I found in South America, precisely the same manners and habits as the Pici, climbing the trees with even greater facility, although their feet are those termed ambulatorii.  The type of this excellent genus is Gracula cayennensis of Linnæus.  M. Viellot [sic], some years after, without taking any notice of the previous distinction given these birds by Illiger, calls their genus Dendrocopus, a name evidently borrowed from Illiger; nor is this the only plagiarism committed by an ornithologist whose intrinsic merit requires no such dubious aid to increase his fame." (Swainson 1821); "Dendrocolaptes HERMANN, Observ. Zool, p. 135, 1804— type by subs. desig. (SWAINSON, Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc., 3, p. 292, 1821) "Gracula cayennensis, of LINNAEUS" [= GMELIN] = Picus certhia BODDAERT." (Hellmayr, 1925, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IV, 259); "Dendrocolaptes Hermann, Observ. Zool., 1804, p. 135.  Type, by subsequent designation, "D. Cayanensis (Gm.), Pl. enl. 621" = Picus certhia Boddaert (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 18).1   ...   1 Swainson's earlier designation of the same species as the type is invalid, since he credits the genus to Illiger, 1811." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 31).  Under current Rules this is an incorrect conclusion (Laurent Raty in litt.)
Var. Dendrocaleptes, Dendrocalaptes.
Synon. Dendrocops, Dendrocopus, Orthocolaptes, Premnocopus.

Northern Barred-Woodcreeper (Eastern)
SCI Name: Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae punctipectus
punctipectus
L. punctum  spot  < pungere  to puncture; pectus, pectoris  breast.