Painted Sandgrouse / Pterocles indicus

Painted Sandgrouse / Pterocles indicus

Painted Sandgrouse

SCI Name:  Pterocles indicus
Protonym:  Tetrao indicus Syst.Nat. 1 pt2 p.755
Category:  Pterocliformes / Pteroclidae /
Taxonomy Code:  paisan1
Type Locality:  Coromandel, India.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1789
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PTEROCLES
(Pteroclidae; Ϯ Pin-tailed Sandgrouse P. alchata) Gr. πτερον pteron  wing; -κλης -klēs (in comp.)  notable, splendid; "DISCOURS SUR LE GENRE GANGA.  ...   Le nom générique Pterocles, que je propose pour ce genre, indique que ces oiseaux ont dans la forme des ailes, quelque chose de particulier; et en effet, dans les genres nombreux dont l'ordre des Gallinacés est composé, les espèces de celui-ci et du genre suivant [Syrrhaptes] se distinguent, par la longueur de leurs ailes, dont la première rémige est la plus longue.  ...   GANGA UNIBANDE. Pterocles Arenarius  ...  GANGA BIBANDE. Pterocles bicinctus  ...  GANGA QUADRUBANDE. Pterocles quadricinctus  ...  GANGA CATA. Pterocles setarius  ...  GANGA VÉLOCIFER. Pterocles tachypetes" (Temminck 1815); "Pterocles Temminck, Pig. et Gall., 3, 1815, p. 238, 712. Type, by subsequent designation, Tetrao alchata Linné (Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 63)." (Peters 1937, III, 3).   
Var. PteroctesPteroclis.   
Synon. Attagen, Calopterocles, CoturnicoenasDilophilusEremialector, Ganga, MacleanornisNamapterocles, Nyctiperdix, Oenas, Parapterocles, Psammoenas, Pteroclurus, Pterygocys.

pterocles
Gr. πτερον pteron  wing; -κλης -klēs  notable, splendid.

indicus
L. Indicus  Indian  < India  India. In early ornithology the term Indiis was also applied to the East Indies and, less frequently, to the West Indies and the Guianas.
● India and Tibet; ex “Barred-headed Goose” of Latham 1787 (Anser).
● Erroneous TL. India (= South Carolina) (syn. Baeolophus bicolor).
● Java; ex “Javan Hawk” of Latham 1781 (Butastur).
● ex “Indian Goatsucker” of Latham 1787 (Caprimulgus).
● ex “Drongolon” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 174, and “Long-tailed Shrike” of Latham 1822 (syn. Dicrurus macrocercus).
● ex "Psittaca indica coccinea” of Brisson, “Perruche des Indes orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 143, “Lori Perruche violet et rouge” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Indian Lory” of Latham 1781 (syn. Eos histrio).
● ex “Lohaujung Heron” of Latham 1787 (syn. Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus).
● ex “Eastern black Cuckow” of Lastham 1787 (syn. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● ex “Grand Vautour des Indes” of Sonnerat 1782 (Gyps).
● ex “Indian Curucui” of Latham 1787 (?syn. Harpactes fasciatus).
● ex “Merle des Indes orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 273, fig. 2 (syn. Lalage nigra).
● ex “Smallest red and green Indian Paroquet” of Edwards 1743-1751, “Psittacula indica” of Brisson 1760, and “Red and green indian Parrot” of Latham 1781 (syn. Loriculus beryllinus).
● ex “Indian Jacana” of Latham 1787 (Metopidius).
● ex “Little Hawk Owl of Ceylon” of Pennant 1769, and “Indian Eared Owl” of Latham 1781 (syn. Otus bakkamoena).
● ex “Gélinote des Indes” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Indian Grous” of Latham 1783 (Pterocles).
● ex “White-chinned Bustard” of Latham 1783, and “Passarage Bustard” of Latham 1787 (Sypheotides).
● ex “Rossignol de muraille des Indes” of Sonnerat 1782 (Tarsiger).
● ex “Bécassine blanche des Indes” of Sonnerat 1776, and “White indian Snipe” of Latham 1785 (?Tringa erythropus).
● Erroneous TL. India (= Gamtoos River, Cape Province, South Africa); ex “Indian Coly” of Latham 1787 (Urocolius).
● ex “Vanneau armé des Indes” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (Vanellus).
● ex “Little redwinged Parrakeet” of Edwards 1758-1764, and “Psittaca indica” of Brisson 1760 (unident.).
● India; ex “Sicrin” of Levaillant 1801, pl. 82 (artefact).