Peruvian Antpitta / Grallaricula peruviana

Peruvian Antpitta / Grallaricula peruviana

Peruvian Antpitta

SCI Name:  Grallaricula peruviana
Protonym:  Grallaricula peruviana Am.Mus.Novit. no.96 p.11
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Grallariidae /
Taxonomy Code:  perant1
Type Locality:  Chaupe, 6100 feet, northwest of Huancabamba, Peru.
Publish Year:  1923
IUCN Status:  


(Grallariidae; Ϯ Ochre-breasted Antpitta G. flavirostris) Dim. < genus Grallaria Vieillot, 1816, antpitta; "Genus IX. GRALLARICULA.   Rostrum breve, basi dilatata, rictu parum setoso: alæ breves rotundatæ: cauda brevis: pedes debiles: tarsi graciles, breviusculi; acrotarsiis divisis, paratarsiis integris, unguibus brevibus.   These birds are diminutive Grallariæ, but distinguished by their shorter, feebler bill, the indications of rictal bristles, and short slender tarsi and toes. They appear to form a  transition between Grallaria and Conopophaga. The woodcut represents (fig. 2) the tarsus of Grallaricula flavirostris, which may be contrasted with that of Conopophaga lineata (fig. 3) and Grallaria rufula (fig. 1).   1. GRALLARICULA FLAVIROSTRIS. Grallaria flavirostris, Sclater, P.Z.S. 1858, p. 68.   ...   2. GRALLARICULA LORICATA. Grallaria loricata, Sclater, P.Z.S. 1857, p. 129.   ...   3. GRALLARICULA FERRUGINEIPECTUS. Grallaria ferrugineipectus, Sclater, P.Z.S. 1857, p. 129.   ...   GRALLARICULA NANA. Grallaria nana, Lafr. R.Z. 1842, p. 334." (P. Sclater 1858); "Grallaricula Sclater, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 26, 1858, p. 283. Type, by subsequent designation, Grallaria flavirostris Sclater (Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15, 1890, p. 325)." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 257). These small birds could be placed in Conopophagidae, near Pittasoma.
Synon. Apocryptornis.

peruana / peruanum / peruanus / peruvia / peruviana / peruvianus / peruviensis
Peru. Said to be named after Biru, a local Inca encountered by the conquistadores (although the name is also accredited to a Panamanian cazique). Until the early 18th century the Viceroyalty of Peru included all Spanish possessions in South America.
● ex “Geai du Pérou” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 625, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Peruvian Jay” of Latham 1781 (syn. Cyanocorax yncas).
● ex “Coq de Roche du Pérou” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 745, and de Buffon 1770-1783 (Rupicola).
● Erroneous TL. Peru (= Brazil) (Tangara).
Erroneous TL. Peru (= Tahiti) (Vini).