Pied Lapwing / Vanellus cayanus

Pied Lapwing / Vanellus cayanus

Pied Lapwing

SCI Name:  Vanellus cayanus
Protonym:  Charadrius cayanus IndexOrn. 2 p.749
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  pielap1
Type Locality:  Cayenne.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1790
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

VANELLUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Northern Lapwing V. vanellus) Med. L. vanellus  lapwing  < dim. L. vannus  winnowing fan (in allusion to the broad wings and floppy flight); "Vanellus. Genus 71.  ...  **1. LE VANNEAU.  ... VANELLUS." (Brisson 1760): based on "Vanellus", "Capella", and "Caprea" of Gessner 1555, and many other authors, and Tringa Vanellus Linnaeus, 1758; "Vanellus Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 48; 5, p. 94. Type, by tautonymy, Vanellus Brisson = Tringa vanellus Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 235).  The Northern Lapwing appears the most aberrant member of the genus; it has been suggested that Hoplopterus be resurrected for all the other species presently included in Vanellus.   
Var. Canellus, Cranellus.   
Synon. Acanthopteryx, Acanthropterus, Afribyx, Afrovanellus, Anitibyx, Anomalophrys, Belonopterus, Chettusia, Defilippia, Dilobus, Dorypaltus, Euhyas, Eurypterus, Gavia, Hemiparra, Hoplopterus, Limnetes, Lobibyx, Lobipluvia, Lobivanellus, Microsarcops, Nonnusia, Ptiloscelys, Rogibyx, Sarciophorus, Sarcogrammus, Stephanibyx, Titihoia, Tringa, Tylibyx, Vanellochettusia, Viator, Xiphidiopterus, Zapterus, Zonifer.

vanellus
Med. L. vanellus lapwing < dim. L. vannus winnowing fan; "78. TRINGA.  ...  Vanellus.  2. T. pedibus rubris, crista dependente, pectore nigro. Fn. svec. 148.  Capella s. Vanellus. Bell. av. 49. a. Gesn. av. 764. Aldr. orn. l. 20. c. 63. Will. orn. 228. t. 57. Jonst. av. 164. t. 53. 27. Raj. av. 110. Alb. av. I. p. 70. t. 74.  Habitat in Europa, Africa.  Migrat forte in Ægyptum. Ova Belgis in deliciis.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Vanellus).

cayana / cayanensis / cayanna / cayanus
Cayenne or French Guiana. In early ornithology “Cayenne” was often used of species of uncertain provenance presumed to be from Amazonia.
● ex “Gros-bec de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Caryothraustes canadensis).
● ex “Cotinga de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (Cotinga).
● ex “Grimpereau verd de Cayenne” (♂= ♀) of Brisson 1760 (syn. Cyanerpes caeruleus).
● ex “Grimpereau verd de Cayenne” (=♀) of Brisson 1760 (syn. Cyanerpes cyaneus).
● ex “Geay de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (Cyanocorax).
● ex “Blue Manakin” of Edwards 1751, and “Pipit bleu de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (Dacnis).
● ex “Tangara noir de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Euphonia cayennensis).
● ex “Têtema de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 821 (syn. Formicarius colma).
● Erroneous TL. St Thomas (= Cayenne); ex “Carouge de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760, and “Yellow-wing’d Pye” of Edwards 1764 (Icterus).
● ex “Petit autour de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 473, and “Cayenne Falcon” of Latham 1781 (Leptodon).
● ex “Gobe-mouche de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (Myiozetetes).
● ex “Bihoreau de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 899, and de Buffon 1770-1786 (syn. Nyctanassa violacea).
● ex “Coucou de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (Piaya).
● Erroneous TL. Cayenne (= ?Chile); ex “Grèbe de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 404, fig. 1, and “Grand Grèbe” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (syn. Podiceps major).
● ex “Râle de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 368 (syn. Rufirallus viridis).
● ex “Coq-de-Roche” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 39 (syn. Rupicola rupicola).
● ex “Griverd de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 616, “Grivert” or “Rolle de Cayenne” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Cayenne Roller” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Saltator maximus).
● ex "Tangara verd de Cayenne" of Brisson 1760 (Tangara).
● ex “Cayenna Tern” of Latham 1785 (syn. Thalasseus maximus).
● ex “Pie-griesche grise de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (Tityra).
● ex “Pie-griêche tachetée de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 377 (syn. Tityra cayana).
● ex "Pluvier armé de Cayenne" of d'Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 833, and de Buffon 1770-1785 (Vanellus).