Purple Gallinule / Porphyrio martinica

Purple Gallinule / Porphyrio martinica

Purple Gallinule

SCI Name:  Porphyrio martinica
Protonym:  Fulica martinica Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.259
Category:  Gruiformes / Rallidae /
Taxonomy Code:  purgal2
Type Locality:  Martinique, West Indies.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PORPHYRIO
(Rallidae; Ϯ Purple Swamphen P. porphyrio) L. porphyrio, porphyrionis  swamphen  < Gr. πορφυριον porphurion  swamphen  < πορφυρα porphura  purple; "Porphyrio. Genus 87.  ...  Le genre de la Poule-Sultane.  Genus Porphyrionis.  ...  **1. LA POULE-SULTANE.  ...  PORPHYRIO.  ...  Elle est à peu près de la grosseur d'une Poule" (Brisson 1760): based on "Porphyrio" or "Porphyrion" of many authors, and Fulica Porphyrio, Linnaeus, 1758; "Porphyrio Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 48; 5, p. 522. Type, by tautonymy, Porphyrio Brisson = Fulica porphyrio Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 207). The Purple Swamphen has a wide distribution in the Old World from Spain to Samoa, but some of its forms may warrant specific separation, as in Peters 1934, II, who recognised P. porphyrio, P. madagascariensis, P. poliocephalus, P. pulverulentus, and the extinct P. albus.
Var. Parphyrio, Porphyrion (Gr. πορφυριον porphurion  swamphen), Porphirio
Synon. Caesarornis, Cyanornis, Glaucestes, Hydrornia, Ionornis, Jonocicca, Kentrophorina, Mantellornis, Notornis, Porphyriola, Porphyrula.

porphyrio
● Gr. πορφυριος porphurios  purple-clad, bright-red (syn. Habia rubica).
● L. porphyrio, porphyrionis  swamphen  < Gr. πορφυριον porphurion  swamphen, gallinule  < πορφυρα porphura  purple; "82. FULICA.  ...  Porphyrio.  3. F. fronte calva, corpore violaceo, digitis simplicibus.  Fulica major pulla, fronte cera coccinea oblongo-quadrata. Brown. jam. 479.  Porphyrio. Alb. av. 3. p. 79. t. 84. Raj. av. 116. n. 13. Edw. av. 87. t. 87. Dodart. act. 3. p. 30?  Habitat in Asia, America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Porphyrio).

martinica / martinicana / martinicensis / martinicus
Martinique, West Indies. Columbus named the island Martinica in 1502, based on Carib and Taíno names Madinina and Matinino.
● ex “Hirondelle noire acutipenne de la Martinique” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Chaetura).
● ex “Certhia martinicana sive saccharivora” of Brisson 1760 (subsp. Coereba bartholemica).
● ex “Gobe-mouche hupé de la Martinique” of Brisson 1760 (Elaenia).
● ex “Pigeon violet de la Martinique” of Brisson 1760 (Geotrygon).
● ex “Petite Poule-Sultane” of Brisson 1760 (Porphyrio).