Purple-gaped Honeyeater / Lichenostomus cratitius

Purple-gaped Honeyeater / Lichenostomus cratitius

Purple-gaped Honeyeater

SCI Name:  Lichenostomus cratitius
Protonym:  Ptilotis cratitius Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1840) (1840), Pt8 no.94 p.160
Category:  Passeriformes / Meliphagidae /
Taxonomy Code:  pughon1
Type Locality:  interior of South Australia and Kangaroo Island [= Upper Torrens] .
Author:  
Publish Year:  1841
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

LICHENOSTOMUS
(Meliphagidae; Ϯ Purple-gaped Honeyeater L. cratitia occidentalis) Gr. λειχην leikhēn, λειχηνος leikhēnos  lichen, callous; στομα stoma, στοματος stomatos  mouth; "Gen. LICHENOSTOMUS nov. gen. *) Flechtenmund.   640. 1. L. occidentalis n. sp. **)   ...   *) Von λειχηνηνος Flechte und ςτοματο Mund.  Die Gruppe unterscheidet sich von Ptilotis durch eine flechtenartige Hautfortsetzung am Mundwinkel.    **)Von dem südaustralischen L. cratitius (Ptilotis cratitius Gould) nur durch folgende Abweichungen verschieden: Im Ganzen kleiner; Schwanz nicht stark abgerundet, sondern fast gerade; der Hautlappen hinter dem Mundwinkel ist nur 5/12" lang und am ausgestopften Exemplare gelb, daher wohl nicht lila im Leben. Nur der Zügel und die Einfassung der Ohrgegend sind schwarz, letztere selbst aber, und besonders in der Mitte und über dem gelben Federbüschel glänzend grau. Der gelbe Bartstreifen ist nach innen durch einen dunkleren verloschenen Streifen begrenzt, welcher dunkeler als die übrige Unterseite ist; Kehle bis zur Brust verloschen gelb gestrichelt." (Cabanis 1853); "Lichenostomus Cabanis, 1851 [= 1853], Mus. Hein., 1, p. 119. Type, by monotypy, Lichenostomus occidentalis = Ptilotis cratitius Gould." (Salomonsen in Peters1967, XII, 365). This genus, formerly of over 20 species, was dismantled in 2011 and now consists only of the type and its congener, the Yellow-tufted Honeyeater L. melanops.
Synon. Lophoptilotis.

cratitia / cratitius
L. cratitius or craticius  wattled, composed of lattice-work  < cratis  wicker-work.
● “from the gape, down each side of the throat for five eighths of an inch, a naked fleshy appendage, free at the lower end, of a beautiful lilac colour and very conspicuous in the living bird” (Gould 1841) (Lichenostomus).

SUBSPECIES

Purple-gaped Honeyeater (occidentalis)
SCI Name: Lichenostomus cratitius occidentalis
occidentale / occidentalis
L. occidentalis  western  < occidens, occidentis  west  < occidere  to set. This toponym was frequently given to taxa discovered in locations west of previously known populations.
● Cocal, Western Andes, Colombia (Dysithamnus).
● Jamaica; ex “Onocrotalus” or “Pelecanus fuscus” of Sloane 1725, “Pelican of America” of Edwards 1747, and “Pelecanus” of Browne 1756 (Pelecanus).
● TL. Day Dawn, Western Australia; "Westralian Wedgebill" (Mathews 1912) (Psophodes).

Purple-gaped Honeyeater (cratitius)
SCI Name: Lichenostomus cratitius cratitius
cratitia / cratitius
L. cratitius or craticius  wattled, composed of lattice-work  < cratis  wicker-work.
● “from the gape, down each side of the throat for five eighths of an inch, a naked fleshy appendage, free at the lower end, of a beautiful lilac colour and very conspicuous in the living bird” (Gould 1841) (Lichenostomus).