Purple Quail-Dove / Geotrygon purpurata
Protonym: Osculatia purpurata Ibis p.448
Taxonomy: Columbiformes / Columbidae / Geotrygon
Taxonomy Code: sapqud1
Type Locality: Ecuador; no exact locahty.
Publish Year: 1878
IUCN Status: Endangered
(Columbidae; Ϯ Crested Quail Dove G. versicolor) Gr. γεω- geō- ground- < γη gē earth; τρυγων trugōn, τρυγονος trugonos pigeon; "MOUNTAIN WITCH.* Geotrygon sylvatica. MIHI. ... In the dense and lofty forest that clothes the brow of Bluefields Peak, it is very numerous, usually seen singly or in pairs, walking on the ground; the freedom of the forest there from underwood allowing it to exercise its fleetness of foot to advantage. If alarmed, it generally seeks to escape by running, its bulk and shortness of wing rendering its flight burdensome and ineffective. ... *GEOTRYGON. Generic Character. — Beak robust, rather long; both mandibles strongly arched at the tip; nostrils opening far forward. Wings short, and rounded: third quill longest; second and following quills strongly and abruptly sinuated on the outer edge; first quill sickle-shaped, not attenuated. Tail nearly even, short, (viz. less than thrice the length of the tarsus). Tarsus longer than middle toe, unfeathered, covered in front with transverse plates. Inner toe longer than outer; hallux shorter than outer toe. General form stout and plump." (Gosse 1847); "Geotrygon Gosse, Bds. Jamaica, 1847, p. 316. Type, by subsequent designation, Columba cristata Lath., i.e. Gmelin, not of Temminck = Geotrygon sylvatica Gosse 1847 = Columbigallina versicolor Lafresnaye 1846. (Reichenbach, Av. Syst. Nat., 1852 (1853), p. xxv.)" (Peters, 1937, III, p. 132).
Synon. Oreopeleia, Osculatia.
purpurata / purpuratus
L. purpuratus clad in purple < purpura purple < Gr. πορφυρα porphura purple.
● ex “Ardea purpurascens” of Brisson 1760, “Héron pourpre” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Purple Heron” of Latham 1785 (syn. Ardea purpurea).
● ex “Purple-crowned Pigeon” of Latham 1783 (Ptilinopus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche noir à gorge pourpre de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 381 (Querula).
● ex “Purple-tailed Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (Touit).
● ex “Purple-crowned Honey-sucker” of Pennant 1773, and “Purple-crowned Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (unident.).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)