Rain Quail / Coturnix coromandelica

Rain Quail / Coturnix coromandelica

Rain Quail

SCI Name:  Coturnix coromandelica
Protonym:  Tetrao coromandelicus Syst.Nat. 1 pt2 p.764
Category:  Galliformes / Phasianidae /
Taxonomy Code:  raiqua1
Type Locality:  Coromandel Coast.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1789
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

COTURNIX
(Phasianidae; Ϯ Common Quail C. coturnix) L. coturnix, coturnicis  quail; "40e  GENRE. { Caille. Le bec court, en cône-recourbé: les narines ovales, demi-fermées: la langue entière, pointue: point d'espace nud derrière les yeux: les pieds sans éperons.   Coturnix.  Rostrum breve, conico-incurvum: nares ovatæ, semi-tectæ: lingua integra, acuta: area pone oculos nulla: pedes mutici." (Bonnaterre 1791); "Coturnix Bonnaterre, Tabl. Encyc. Méth., Orn., pt. 1, 1791, p. lxxxvii. Type, by tautonymy, "Caille" = Tetrao coturnix Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 91). The Common Quail was formerly an abundant migrant summer visitor to Europe, but its numbers are now declining (see quelea and quiscula).
Var. Coturuix.
Synon. Compsortyx, Maroturnia, Ortygion, Palaeoperdix, Palaeortyx, Perdortyx, Pseudortigion, Schaubortyx, Zecoturnix.

coturnix
L. coturnix, coturnicis  quail; “91. TETRAO.  ...  Coturnix.  13. T. pedibus nudis, corpore griseo-maculato, superciliis albis, rectricibus margine lunulaque ferruginea. Fn. svec. 173.  Coturnix. Gesn. av. 353. Aldr. orn. l. 13. c. 22. Jonst. av. 69. t. 28. Raj. av. 58. Alb. av. I. p. 28. t. 30.  Tetrao israelitarum. Hasselq. it. 279. n. 44.  Habitat in Europa, Asia, Africa.  Pennæ corporis ferrugineæ linea longitudinali albida.  Chinenses vivum portanda manus calefaciunt. Osb. itin. 190." (Linnaeus 1758) (Coturnix).

coromanda / coromandela / coromandelanensis / coromandelensis / coromandeliana / coromandelianus / coromandelica / coromandelicus / coromandeliensis / coromandelus / coromander / coromandra / coromandus
Coromandel Coast, south-eastern India. Coromandel is a Portuguese corruption of the Tamil name Cholamandalam Kingdom of the Cholas, for the area.
● ex “Bec-ouvert des Indes” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Coromandel Heron” of Latham 1785 (syn. Anastomus oscitans).
● ex “Petit Hibou de la côte de Coromandel” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Coromandel Eared Owl” of Latham 1787 (Bubo).
● ex “Crabier de la côte de Coromandel” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 910, and “Crabier de Coromandel” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (subsp. Bubulcus ibis).
● ex “Coucou huppé de Coromandel” of Brisson 1760 (Clamator).
● ex “Petite caille de Gingi” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Coromandel Quail” of Latham 1783 (Coturnix).
● ex “Coure-vite de la côte de Coromandel” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 892, and “Coromandel Plover” of Latham 1785 (Cursorius).
● Erroneous TL. Coromandel, India (= Pegu coast, Burma); ex “Martin-pêcheur violet de la côte de Coromandel” of Sonnerat 1782 (Halcyon).
● ex “Martin-pêcheur violet des Indes” of Sonnerat 1782 (syn. Halcyon coromanda).
● ex “Guêpier jaune de la Côte de Coromandel” of Sonnerat 1782 (syn. Merops viridis).
● ex “Sarcelle de Coromandel” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Coromandel Teal” of Latham 1785 (Nettapus).
● Erroneous TL. Coromandel Coast (= Cape Province, South Africa); ex “Indian Coly” of Latham 1787 (syn. Urocolius indicus).
● ex “Petit traquet des Indes” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Coromandel Warbler” of Latham 1783 (unident.).